Renal colic is a health problem in which the patient feels pain in the sides of the abdomen or back, and is caused by an infection or injury to the kidneys, or failure in its functions, or the formation of stones in them, and the kidneys are two organs that resemble beans in their shape with different size, and they are located on both sides of the spine under the rib cage The left kidney is slightly higher than the right.
|10 kidney pain causes and the difference between it and muscles pain|
The function of the kidneys is to purify the blood from toxins and waste products and expel them out of the body with urine, and they also have an important role in hormonal balance, the most important of which is related to controlling blood pressure, as well as maintaining the balance of the materials that carry electrical charges in the body, and kidney pain is described as a slight pain or throbbing. Or as severe or sharp pain, depending on the cause.
In this article, we learn about kidney pain causes, the appropriate analgesics for it, and the difference between kidney pain and muscle pain.
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Kidney pain causes
The kidneys have a very important and sensitive function, as it works to filter the blood from toxins, form urine, and excrete it outside the body, so any deficiency or problem in it causes pain and fatigue, and among the kidney pain causes:
Kidney stones are composed of a build-up of minerals and body waste, and their size ranges from a grain of sand to a pearl. Large stones may get stuck in the urethra and cause severe pain and urine loss.
Urinary tract infection:
Any bacterial infection in the urinary tract, which may cause pain, especially during urination, along with fever, chills, fatigue, and cloudy urine.
Kidney infection symptoms (pyelonephritis):
It increases in women (especially pregnant women) due to the transfer of bacteria from the bladder to the kidneys, or when urine returns to them. People with diabetes or urinary obstruction are exposed to it, and it is accompanied by pain, fever, and nausea.
Polycystic kidney disease:
An inherited condition in which fluid-filled cysts grow inside the kidneys, and as the kidneys grow, the kidneys enlarge, and this may cause its function to fail.
As in accidents, the kidneys may be torn or damaged, or the blood supply to them may be cut off.
Among the kidney pain causes is the lack of drinking water, sweating or urinating a lot in patients with diabetes, which causes an increase in the concentration of waste in the kidneys, pain, fatigue, intense desire to eat, and difficulty concentrating.
Kidney pain causes (Glomerulonephritis):
Usually, it is with chronic diseases such as diabetes or lupus, as acute or chronic inflammation of the kidneys occurs, and with pain, blood or foam appears with the urine, or swelling of the body’s organs, such as the feet, hands, and face, with high blood pressure as well.
Cut off the blood supply to the kidney:
Because of a clot in the vein supplying it, which kidney pain causes.
A symptom of kidney cancer includes feeling a constant pain in the kidneys, and blood when urinating, and it may be accompanied by swelling or the appearance of a lump on both sides of the body.
Other health problems:
Some of the other kidney pain causes sickle cell anemia, which is a genetic condition that changes the shape of red blood cells, causing kidney damage.
Some patients may confuse kidney pain with muscle pain, and in the following, we will show you the difference between them.
How do I differentiate between kidney pain and muscle pain?
Because the kidneys are located towards the back and under the rib cage, it may be difficult to know the source of the pain, is it from the kidneys or the back muscles? However, symptoms may reveal it according to its location, severity, and type, for example, If one of the kidney pain causes is infection or stones is characterized by the following:
The pain is localized and deep in the flank area on either side of the spinal cord, between the rib cage and the hip, and may occur on one or both sides.
It is acute in the case of stones and is not acute and stable in the case of infection, but it is not cured until after treatment, or the stone comes out, and it is not affected by movement except when the stone moves, then the location and intensity of pain may change.
Sometimes the pain radiates to the thighs or lower abdomen.
They range from mild to severe pain, depending on the situation.
Things that make the pain worse or less:
The pain does not usually improve if the cause of the pain is not treated
Like a stone’s discharge, and unlike back muscle pain, the pain is not affected by movement.
Kidney problems may be associated with other symptoms, such as:
-High fever and shivering.
-Nausea and vomiting.
-Turbidity of urine.
-Feeling a sudden need to urinate.
-Excessive blood or stones with pain during urination.
As for back muscle pain, it is characterized by the following:
The location of the pain:
The pain is anywhere in the back, and most of the time is in the lower back.
It is weak, but in the event of nerve injury, a burning sensation may appear, and it may spread to the leg to the foot, and muscle pain affects both sides, and nerve pain is usually on one side.
Muscle pain usually remains localized.
The pain may be acute (lasting from days to weeks), subacute (from six weeks to three months), or chronic (lasting more than three months).
Things that make the pain worse or less:
Back muscle pain is more intense when moving, sitting and standing for a long time, or carrying something heavy, and changing position or sleeping may improve.
Muscle pain may follow other symptoms, such as:
-A swollen sore spot that is tender to touch.
–Muscle spasm at the site of the pain.
Kidney pain can be relieved by some painkillers, which we give you examples.
kidney pain treatment
After the doctor diagnoses the cause of the kidney pain, he prescribes the appropriate analgesia for the patient, and according to his health status, and other medications, the doctor prescribes the analgesic.
In general, Paracetamol is the best analgesic for kidney pain
However, you should pay attention to its doses, because an overdose of it (above 4000 mg per day) may affect the liver, and if it does not succeed in relieving severe pain, the doctor may prescribe “tramadol”, despite its side effects and the precautions of taking it frequently to relieve pain, the doctor may also prescribe one of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as: “Ibuprofen” or “Celebrex”, and he may prescribe “Naproxen”, but we must warn you, dear, against using any analgesic or medication without consulting a doctor, as the patient’s condition may worsen and complications arise.
In addition to painkillers, you can apply warm water compresses to the site of pain to relieve it, and follow the following tips for better kidney health:
-Quit smoking, and stay away from smokers.
-Eat healthy, low salt food.
-Drink a lot of water.
-Exercising regularly to improve blood circulation and reach the organs.
In conclusion, my dear, after talking about the kidney pain causes, and the difference between it and muscle pain, and the analgesics used in kidney pain treatment, we advise you to go to the doctor immediately if the pain intensifies, becomes unbearable, or other symptoms appear with it, such as high temperature, or feeling pain during Urination and frequent need for it, or blood in the urine, or nausea and vomiting, or a feeling of fatigue.