Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies precancerous tumors and seeks to understand their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
Oncology doctor: what is the science of oncology
-An oncology doctor diagnoses cancer
-Treatment through surgical procedures, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or other forms of treatment.
-Follow up with cancer patients after successful treatment.
-Palliative treatment for patients suffering from fatal metastases.
-Ethical issues related to cancer treatment.
-The oncology doctor makes some tests that can be carried out on the population or the patients’ relatives, especially about types of cancer that have a genetic basis such as breast cancer.
The diagnostic method in oncology
Checking the medical history is the most important tool for an oncology doctor to diagnose disease, and then comes the nature of the patient’s complaint, and any other specific symptoms (such as fatigue, weight loss, unexplained anemia, tumor syndromes, and other signs).
An examination of the body usually reveals the location of the tumor.
Diagnostic methods include the following:
-Incisional or excisional biopsy.
-Upper or lower gastrointestinal endoscopy, bronchoscopy, or nose and throat.
-X rays, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound imaging, and other radiotherapy techniques.
–Positron emission tomography and other methods used in nuclear medicine.
-Blood tests, including cancer markers, that may increase suspicion of a certain type of tumor or even be a marker of a certain type of disease.
-Regardless of the diagnosis made by the oncology doctor, these methods mentioned, especially CT scans, are usually used to determine the feasibility of performing the surgery, or in other words to determine the possibility of removing the tumor completely by surgery.
What an oncology doctor does when a patient visits him
Many patients do not know the huge amount of information that an oncology doctor requires to write you a treatment protocol that treats the disease.
This treatment could cost the patient tens of thousands of $$.
The most important and first thing is to speak with the patient personally, and the oncology doctor must speak with the patient calmly and get to know him, and this has a positive effect on the patient, which is the patient’s feeling of confidence in the oncology doctor and forgetting the fear of the disease because in most cases it comes terrified From the doctor and the treatment.
Second, the patient’s general condition, the patient is old and over seventy, but athletic and nonsmoker, or a young man
But he has many serious diseases, in addition to the tumor, which made his biological age exceed eighty, therefore, most oncology doctors insist on direct clinical examination in order not to prescribe excessive treatment for a 40 years old and physically dilapidated patient, or to deprive a patient with 70 years of treatment he deserves just because of a date on the birth certificate.
Third, the oncology doctor hears the patient’s complaint and analyzes it
And if the patient is the type who likes to leave the doctor for fear of treatment, the doctor must hear him, but he must focus more on the words of his relatives in the first degree, especially his wife, who always stands close to him and knows everything about him.
Or if the patient is of the brave type who is not afraid of the disease or of the oncology doctor, in this case, the doctor must hear him and ask him to conduct a dialogue between them directly.
The type of treatment necessary depends entirely on the nature of the tumor identified.
Some disorders require immediate hospitalization and chemotherapy, while other types of disorders are monitored with regular blood and physical exams.
Advice for every family that has a patient
-Bring the patient to an oncologist
-Do not neglect old radiations
-If you have many old radiographs, arrange them from oldest to newest
-Write down the names and dates of the properties
-Make it your priority to obtain treatment and how to implement it.
-Stay away from questions and answers in social media until the protocol is described.
-Be patient, know that an oncologist is a normal person, and wants to help you.
In the end, do not despair of any disease that may afflict you, because the first treatment is patience and willpower. If you succumb to the disease, know that you will not be cured even if you go to the oncologist and take full treatment.
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