Eczema is a general term that includes many cases of skin infections that have different symptoms, but in general they appear as dry red or pink spots that are very itchy, and they may also appear with them small pills packed with pus, and they affect children in a large proportion, as well as adults, Eczema feet pictures:
|Foot eczema: causes and treatment
Eczema may occur anywhere in the body, such as the feet, and this condition is the subject of our article today, and in general eczema is not contagious, and it does not know a specific cause, but it often appears in people with a family history of allergies, although there is no definitive medicine for it, but there are treatments To control it and relieve its symptoms.
Learn with us in this article about the most important causes of foot eczema in particular, and the different methods of treatment.
Causes of foot eczema
Foot eczema is known by many names, including dyshidrotic eczema, pemphigus, pemphigus, and palmar plantar vesicular eczema.
Dyshidrotic eczema is diagnosed with the appearance of small sores on the palms, fingers and soles of the feet.
This skin disorder occurs for an unknown reason, but there are many factors known to activate this condition, including nickel and cobalt exposure, fungal infection, allergies and / or excessive pressure.
The skin affected by these pimples tends to become thicker and scaly over time, leading to itching, inflammation and redness.
In severe cases, you can treat dyshidrotic eczema with home remedies and medical intervention.
On the other hand, healthy skin helps to maintain its moisture level and protect it from bacteria, irritants and allergens, and eczema is associated with a defect in the gene responsible for the skin’s ability to provide this protection for itself, which makes it greatly affected by environmental factors and external irritants, and for some children, food allergy causes their infection.
Eczema of the foot and others, whose symptoms differ from one patient to another, and in general:
Feeling intense itching, especially at night. Red, brown, or gray spots.
Small bumps raised from the surface of the skin, which may contain fluid, and may crust over when scratched.
Skin peeling, thickening and cracking.
Skin sensitivity and swelling when itching.
Foot eczema is not the only type, there is also a type of eczema that is specific to the soles of the foot, as well as the palms of the hand, and its symptoms are the appearance of itchy pimples or blisters, and this condition is called dyshidrotic eczema among its causes:
Seasonal allergies, such as hay fever, which appear especially in the spring.
Tension and psychological stress.
Touching metals, such as nickel, cobalt, or jewelry.
Palms and feet sweat a lot.
Staying in the water for a long time.
Infection with HIV, or taking immunosuppressants, such as: “immunoglobulin.”
Dyshidrotic eczema may coincide with other types of allergies, and it is not contagious, and it abounds in people between twenty and forty years old, and its chances are doubled in women more than men, as well as in people with a family history of eczema and allergies. As for the treatment of foot eczema, this is what we will tell you about in the next paragraph.
How to treat eczema on feet?
There are several ways in which a doctor can relieve the symptoms of foot eczema, but there is no definitive treatment for it, and these methods are determined according to the severity of the symptoms and the type of eczema, and the case may need more than one type of treatment, and more than one attempt to reach the correct medicine, and for minor symptoms, the doctor may prescribe only ointments “Cortisone” is applied to the affected area. As for more severe cases, it may require treatment of “cortisone” by mouth or injection, and there are other treatment options such as:
Open and clear blisters.
Anti itch creams.
Immunosuppressive paints, such as “tacrolimus” or “pimecrolimus”, are a rare choice and are not used frequently.
Botulinum toxin or botox injected to prevent the feet from sweating if the eczema is due to excessive sweating.
There are also some home measures to reduce eczema, such as: Apply cold compresses to the site of the injury for 15 minutes, from two to four times daily.
Apply strong, unscented moisturizers to the skin after compresses, after bathing, or after washing and gently drying the area, such as: Vaseline, mineral oil or witch hazel soak, and moisturizing the skin twice daily.
Avoid hot water and too much contact with water, and limit bathtime to ten minutes.
To control pimples and prevent infection, by washing the affected area periodically with gentle, unscented soap and lukewarm water, drying it gently, and avoiding playing with it and scratching it, so that the condition does not get worse.
Use a humidifier or humidifier when the air dries up, or during cold, dry weather, to avoid cracking the skin.
It is also necessary to stay away from allergens, such as pet coppers, pollen, dirt, or metals, such as nickel or cobalt in cell phone covers, and foods rich in minerals, such as nuts, chocolate, broccoli, legumes, seafood, liver, cabbage, beets, and foods known to cause Allergies, such as milk, eggs, soy products, and flour, and avoiding stress, emotional stress and irritants, such as scented soaps, harsh washing powders, or excessive sweating.
In conclusion, my dear, after you learned about some of the causes of foot eczema and the available treatments for it, we advise you, in addition to the precautionary measures to prevent foot eczema and others mentioned above, to eat a healthy food rich in vitamin A after consulting a doctor, and of course to search for allergens and stay away from them.