Recurrent ear infection in children is one of the most common diseases because the tubes in their ears are shorter and smaller than adults, which makes it easier for fluids to get stuck and accumulate.
Most children suffer from at least one infection in the ear when they reach the age of two, and one or two cases are considered Ear infections per year are fairly normal, however, if your child has three seizures in six months or four seizures a year, then your child has a chronic ear infection, this may be the result of an ear infection that is still not entirely clear and still present. Or, it may be a series of separate infections, in this article, we will learn about the cause
of recurrent ear infection in children and how to treat it.
What causes ear infection in babies?
Causes of recurrent ear infection in children
Ear infections are usually caused by bacteria, and it often begins after a child has had a sore throat, cold, or other upper respiratory infection.
The most common cause is an accumulation of fluid and mucus behind the eardrum, which does not drain properly through the Eustachian tube in the ear that Connecting the upper throat to the middle ear, children are more likely to have recurrent otitis media between the ages of two and four, But one person may develop an ear infection more than others, and the following factors may contribute to this:
Those with a family history of ear infections are at greater risk of chronic ear infections.
Such as second-hand smoke and lying down to drink from a bottle or cup can also contribute to recurrent ear infection in children.
In daycare centers (nurseries)
Children in daycare are exposed to more germs and insects than children who do not go to nursery.
Living with a smoker
Research shows that children who are around smokers have higher rates of ear infections.
High levels of contamination can also increase the risk of ear infections.
Which can cause inflammation or irritation of the upper airways and the Eustachian tubes.
Sibling – having one or more children may bring more germs into the home.
Living in areas with long winters
Children in these areas often develop more upper respiratory infections, which usually precede an ear infection.
Boys tend to have more ear infections than girls, although experts don’t know why.
Age: Children under 18 months of age are more likely to develop inflammation than older children because young children have less immune systems and their Eustachian tubes are smaller.
Other underlying health problems
May compromise a children immunity and make him more susceptible to frequent ear infections.
Premature birth: Babies born prematurely tend to have ear infections more than other babies.
Treating recurrent ear infection in children
Doctors have different criteria for determining how to treat chronic ear infections, and each condition is unique, but usually, the first line of treatment when a child has an earache is:
Watchful waiting (monitoring symptoms without drug intervention)
Your doctor may want to wait several months to see if things improve on their own.
(then he prescribes antibiotics for an ear infection.
If antibiotics do not solve the problem) and the ear pain remains or continues to return, doctors often suggest surgically draining fluids from the ear, inserting ear tubes to ventilate the area and adjust the pressure in the middle ear, and this procedure is performed by an otolaryngologist.
The most commonly used tubes stay in place for six to nine months and require follow-up visits until they usually fall off on their own After about 12 months, the tubes should provide a temporary solution until your child is older than his tendency to develop an ear infection.
Removal of adenoids for children
The doctor may also suggest removing adenoids for your child.
Adenoids are lymph tissue located in the back of the nose in the upper part of the throat, and it can block the Eustachian tube, but after recent research, the American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend removing adenoids to treat chronic recurrent ear infections.
If your doctor still recommends this procedure, discuss the pros and cons of treatment, and consider getting a second opinion.
Surgery to repair a hole in the eardrum
If the doctor finds that your child has a hole in the eardrum, the doctor will determine the size of the hole, and the type of procedure used to treat it, the doctor closes the hole by the child’s tissues, and this tissue may slide behind or over the hole in the eardrum, to fix The tissue is in place, and the surgeon places a small packet of a special substance behind the tissue. This material slowly dissolves over several months as the eardrum heals.
Surgery to treat an infection in the ear bones or a growth in the middle ear Other complications of an ear infection can include the formation of a cyst lining the skin (called a cholesteatoma) in the middle ear, or the infection spreads to the small diaphragm bone in the middle ear. In both cases, a surgery called Mastoidectomy to stop the infection and prevent serious complications.
The best way to prevent ear infection in kids is to reduce the risk factors associated with the causes of recurrent ear infection in children, to make sure that your child gets the flu vaccine every year, and to make sure to wash your hands and your child’s hands well and frequently.
These are among the most important ways to stop the spread of germs that can cause Colds and then ear infections.
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