The Right Treatment of gallbladder cancer stage 4

The gallbladder stores part of the bile produced by the liver, which it releases into the gastrointestinal tract later to help digest fats.

Treatment of gallbladder cancer stage 4

However, the gallbladder is not necessary for the digestion process, and the gallbladder afflicts many medical conditions, including cancer, which is a rare type of cancer, which is difficult to diagnose.

Stages of gallbladder cancer

The gallbladder consists of 3 different layers, and gallbladder cancer usually begins in the inner layer of it, then cancer cells begin to spread from this layer to the rest of the layers, and if the disease is not diagnosed early, these cancer cells may begin to spread to the rest of the body.

Is gallbladder cancer painful

The gallbladder consists of 3 different layers, and gallbladder cancer usually begins in the inner layer of it, then cancer cells begin to spread from this layer to the rest of the layers, and if the disease is not diagnosed early, these cancer cells may begin to spread to the rest of the body.

Read more: 8 common questions about gallbladder stones surgery (gallstones)

What is gallbladder cancer stage 4

We have said that gallbladder cancer is rare, but it may affect many people, and what makes it dangerous is that it is difficult to diagnose and that it is not discovered until after advanced stages, 

The most difficult stages of gallbladder cancer

Stage 4 cancer is the most dangerous stage because it indicates that cancer has moved from the gallbladder to the main blood vessels that drain into the liver, to the lymph nodes, or to other parts of the body, and it is worth noting that people with gallbladder cancer stage 4 live some of them Approximately 5%, that is, 5 people out of every 100 people for a period of five years or more after the discovery of cancer, and the fourth stage is preceded by several stages.

In the third stage of gallbladder cancer the cancer has spread to the surrounding tissues and lymph nodes, and often doctors cannot remove the cancer cells, Only 10% of the infected people live in this stage, meaning 10 people out of every 100 people, and for a period of 5 years after the diagnosis and discovery of cancer, while in the second stage, 25% and more of people with gallbladder cancer live, and in the first stage of gallbladder cancer, the cancer has moved to Muscles only, and doctors perform some procedures to prevent the cancer from returning to the gallbladder cells, and in most cases 50% of people with cancer will survive if it is in the first stage.

You should know that choosing the stage of cancer is based on scientific foundations, and it is a system established by the American Joint Committee for Cancer Control, and at the beginning of these principles comes the extent of the size of the tumor, i.e. where the cancer cells arrived, and is cancer located on the wall of the gallbladder or moved to neighbor organs In addition to whether or not cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, and whether it has spread to distant organs from the gallbladder or not, and depending on these bases and the results of the examination, the stage of cancer is determined.

Read more: Gallbladder Inflammation: symptoms, causes, and treatment

Best hospital for gallbladder cancer treatment

Types of gallbladder cancer

Gallbladder cancer has many types depending on the cells in which cancer develops, and in all cases, the types of gallbladder cancer include the following:

Gallbladder adenocarcinoma:

It is one of the most common types of gallbladder cancer, as it affects nearly 85% of people with gallbladder cancer, and this type begins in the glandular cells in the lining of the gallbladder that produce mucus, and gallbladder glandular cancer has two types as well. The first is a non-papillary adenoma, which is the most common type of gallbladder cancer, and benign papilloma, which affects 6% of gallbladder cancers, and in this type of gallbladder cancer its spread to other organs decreases.

Squamous cell carcinoma:

Squamous cell carcinoma begins from the cells that line the gallbladder, which are cells that resemble skin cells, and squamous cell carcinoma can be adenocarcinoma, which is another type of gallbladder cancer, which is a type that affects the glandular squamous cells.

Read more: The risks of gallbladder surgery during pregnancy

Gallbladder cancer stage 4 symptoms

ItIt is worth noting that the symptoms of gallbladder cancer do not appear except in advanced stages, such as the fourth stage, and these symptoms include the following:

  • Vomiting and nausea.
  • Lose weight.
  • A rise in body temperature.
  • Abdominal distension.
  • The urine becomes dark in color.
  • Abdominal pain, specifically in the upper abdomen.

Jaundice: which is accompanied by yellowing of the eyes and skin when levels of bilirubin rise due to blockage of the bile ducts.

Causes of gallbladder cancer

Doctors have not determined a clear cause of gallbladder cancer, but as is the case in other types of gallbladder cancer, it occurs as a result of a mutation in a person’s DNA, and this mutation leads to abnormal growth in gallbladder cells that cannot be controlled after that, and when the cells that proliferate increase without Controlling it, cancerous tumors form and these cells may move to neighbor organs, and there are many causes of gallbladder cancer and factors that increase the risk of developing it, and these factors include the following:

Stones and cholecystitis:

They are small pieces that form in the gallbladder when the bile contains large amounts of cholesterol, and bilirubin, which is the pigment that appears in the body when red blood cells are broken down, and gallstones cause a blockage in the bile ducts outside the gallbladder or liver. 

gallbladder inflammation and the American Society of Clinical Oncology indicate that 90% of people with gallbladder cancer have gallstones, however, it is not necessary for a person with gallstones to develop gallbladder cancer, as 99% of people with gallstones do not develop gallbladder cancer.

The American Society of Clinical Oncology indicate that 90% of people with gallbladder cancer have gallstones, however, it is not necessary for a person with gallstones to develop gallbladder cancer, as 99% of people with gallstones do not develop gallbladder cancer.

Porcelain gallbladder and polyps:

The gallbladder may appear white because its walls have calcified, and this makes it look like porcelain, and the gallbladder can become this way after infection for a chronic period, and polyps are cancerous tumors, but they are small in size and affect 5% of people

Read more: Gallbladder Operation: Risks, and Cost of Gallbladder stones surgery

People at risk of gallbladder cancer stage 4

This type of cancer is four times more common in women than in men, and usually affects people over the age of 65.

Diseases of the biliary tract

The bile ducts affect many conditions, which can lead to the return of bile to the gallbladder and this increases the risk of gallbladder cancer.

Treatment of gallbladder cancer stage 4

The treatment of gallbladder cancer varies depending on the stage the cancer is going through, for example, the doctor resorts to cancer surgery in the early stages of gallbladder cancer in which he removes the gallbladder, or the doctor removes the gallbladder and part of the liver when cancer has moved to some liver cells, and when Gallbladder cancer is small, so the patient does not need other treatments, and only the tumor is removed, and in the fourth stage and other stages, the treatment options include the following:

Gallbladder cancer chemotherapy treatment

Chemical drugs are given through a vein or in the form of pills, to kill fast-growing cancer cells, and the doctor may perform surgery to get rid of cancer cells completely, especially if there is a possibility of their return.

Radiation therapy:

Radiation oncologists use bundles of energy; Like X-rays and protons to eliminate cancer cells, and the doctor can combine radiation therapy with chemotherapy, to completely remove cancer cells.

Immunotherapy:

Medicines are used to stimulate the immune system to eliminate cancer cells, and the doctor may resort to immunotherapy in advanced stages of gallbladder cancer.

Targeted drug therapy:

The doctor gives these drugs, which aim to enter the cancer cells through their weaknesses and then eliminate them, and this treatment option may be the most appropriate for people with gallbladder cancer stage 4.

how long can you live with stage 4 gallbladder cancer?

It is worth noting that people with gallbladder cancer stage 4 live some of them Approximately 5%, that is, 5 people out of every 100 people for a period of five years or more after the discovery of cancer, and the fourth stage is preceded by several stages.

can stage 4 gallbladder cancer be cured?

The treatment of gallbladder cancer varies depending on the stage the cancer is going through, for example, the doctor resorts to cancer surgery in the early stages of gallbladder cancer in which he removes the gallbladder, or the doctor removes the gallbladder and part of the liver when cancer has moved to some liver cells, and when Gallbladder cancer is small, so the patient does not need other treatments, and only the tumor is removed, and in the fourth stage and other stages,

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