Polio is a viral disease caused by the polio-virus (oral polio-virus). The virus enters through the mouth, multiplies in the small intestine, and then is excreted in the stool to be transmitted from person to person. The virus also affects the nervous system and brain, causing paralysis.
The OPV is one of the most effective vaccines in eradicating the disease.
The serum is taken orally, and it contains live attenuated bacteria or the protein of the bacteria, as it stimulates the body’s immune system against disease, and it is one of the highly effective serums, and it begins to be given to the child during the first month after birth.
Like all medicines and vaccines, there are some effects of the oral polio vaccine in infants.
What are the possible side effects of infant vaccinations in the first year?
Oral polio vaccine side effects in infants:
Oral poliovirus vaccine have any side effects, and it is rarely accompanied by any complications or side effects, and these complications often occur in people who are immunocompromised, such as patients with AIDS or some types of cancer, and complications may occur to the infant who receives the virus vaccine Poliomyelitis or one of his contacts if this contact suffers from immunodeficiency, and the most important side effects of the oral polio vaccine in infants are:
. Feeling tired or restless
. Body and joint pain vomiting
. Serum allergy, symptoms of allergy include:
Difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, and throat, and the serum doses are not completed for a child with these symptoms.
The incidence of polio, and occurs in 2-5 million cases, and the infection often occurs in people with immunodeficiency in the body, such as:
Patients with some types of cancer.
Patients taking corticosteroids to treat immune diseases.
Patients being treated with immunosuppressive drugs
The vaccination protocol to prevent polio includes the following:
|2 months||first dose|
|4 months||second dose|
|6-18 months||third dose|
|4-6 years||booster dose|
Infants are vaccinated with this vaccine as a quadruple or quintuple combination and in parallel with other routine vaccinations such as:
There is no information available about the risks to the fetus by this vaccine, so it is recommended to avoid receiving this vaccine during pregnancy, except in cases where it is necessary to immediately vaccinate due to the risk of exposure to the polio-virus.
How can the side effect of the oral polio vaccine be reduced in infants?
Symptoms that you should see a doctor when your infant has it after vaccination:
A high temperature of more than 39 degrees Celsius occurs in 38% of vaccinated recipients.
Remember, dear, that there is no objection to taking your child to the polio vaccination if he has a cold or a high temperature so that the temperature does not exceed 38.5 degrees Celsius, but if your infant has vomiting or diarrhea, it is not preferable to vaccinate him until after they stop.