4mumy

Signs of ear infection in children and treatment

An ear infection is a common disease among infants and young children, and according to doctors’ estimates, 80% of young children and infants have it at least once until the age of three, and half of these children may have it three or more times, Signs of ear infection in children are many.

Signs of ear infection in children
Signs of ear infection in children

4mumy will tell you about Signs and causes of ear infections in children.

Reasons for the prevalence of ear infection in children

Otitis media is caused by blockage of the eustachian tube (the auditory canal) and fluid accumulation in the middle ear, which leads to a bacterial or viral infection.

This blockage usually occurs when suffering from colds or congestion, as well as in cases of allergies, and it is more common among young people due to the shortness of the Eustachian tube because it is still in the stage of growth and development, which helps increase the possibility of infection, in addition to weakening their immunity compared to adults.

Signs of ear infection in children

Infants and young children cannot usually tell us what hurts them, so you need to know the signs of an ear infection to be able to distinguish them if it appears on your child, and among the most prominent signs of ear infection in children:

High temperature.

Ear pulling as a result of severe feeling pain.

Loss of appetite and the unwillingness to feed or eat, because the swallowing process puts pressure on the Eustachian tube, which increases the feeling of pain.

Crying and feeling uncomfortable while lying down, because it is one of the positions that put pressure on the Eustachian tube as well.

Difficulty sleeping.

Vomiting and diarrhea.

The presence of temporary hearing difficulties.

The appearance of secretions or pus, which is an indication of a hole in the eardrum caused by fluid pressure on it.

Treating ear infections in children

Although antibiotics are commonly used to treat ear infections, recent research has confirmed that antibiotics should not be the first choice. 

According to doctors, 80% of cases of ear infections resolve on their own. 

Some cases of ear infections are viral, which means that they don’t respond For antibiotics.

On the other hand, when a child takes too many antibiotics weakens his immunity, which affects its ability to resist bacteria, so the doctor may prefer to wait and monitor the development of the condition.

Why does the doctor not prescribe antibiotics for my child?

If the child is younger than two years old, the doctor may prefer to give him an antibiotic, because the child is unable to tell you if his condition worsens, and infants less than two years old are more vulnerable to complications such as hearing loss.

In the case of young children over two years of age, and if the symptoms are not severe, the doctor may suggest monitoring him from two to three days, and if his condition doesn’t improve during that period, the doctor will prescribe an antibiotic, analgesic and antipyretic such as paracetamol.

How to protect your child from an ear infection?

Protect him as much as possible from catching a cold and influenza.

Don’t smoke near it.

Not to breastfeed while lying down or asleep, and make sure that he is tilted.

Taking care of breastfeeding, due to the great role of breast milk in raising the efficiency of its immune system.

Although ear infection is common in young children, it is one of the conditions that should be dealt with great care due to the seriousness of its complications if not treated well, it may cause permanent hearing loss or a permanent perforation of the eardrum, and if signs of ear infection in children appear on your little one, don’t hesitate to go to the doctor immediately.

can ear infection in toddler go away on its own?

According to doctors, 80% of cases of ear infections resolve on their own.

Some cases of ear infections are viral, which means that they don’t respond For antibiotics.

On the other hand, when a child takes too many antibiotics weakens his immunity, which affects its ability to resist bacteria, so the doctor may prefer to wait and monitor the development of the condition.

can ear infection in toddler cause vomiting?

Infants and young children cannot usually tell us what hurts them, so you need to know the signs of an ear infection to be able to distinguish them if it appears on your child, and among the most prominent signs of ear infection in children:

Difficulty sleeping

Vomiting and diarrhea.

The presence of temporary hearing difficulties.

Treatment of recurrent ear infection in children

Recurrent ear infection in children is one of the most common diseases because the tubes in their ears are shorter and smaller than adults, which makes it easier for fluids to get stuck and accumulate. 

Treatment of recurrent ear infection in children
Treatment of recurrent ear infection in children

Most children suffer from at least one infection in the ear when they reach the age of two, and one or two cases are considered Ear infections per year are fairly normal, however, if your child has three seizures in six months or four seizures a year, then your child has a chronic ear infection, this may be the result of an ear infection that is still not entirely clear and still present. Or, it may be a series of separate infections, in this article, we will learn about the cause

 of recurrent ear infection in children and how to treat it. 

What causes ear infection in babies?

Causes of recurrent ear infection in children 

Ear infections are usually caused by bacteria, and it often begins after a child has had a sore throat, cold, or other upper respiratory infection.

The most common cause is an accumulation of fluid and mucus behind the eardrum, which does not drain properly through the Eustachian tube in the ear that Connecting the upper throat to the middle ear, children are more likely to have recurrent otitis media between the ages of two and four, But one person may develop an ear infection more than others, and the following factors may contribute to this:

Those with a family history of ear infections are at greater risk of chronic ear infections.

Environmental factors 

Such as second-hand smoke and lying down to drink from a bottle or cup can also contribute to recurrent ear infection in children

In daycare centers (nurseries)

Children in daycare are exposed to more germs and insects than children who do not go to nursery.

Living with a smoker 

Research shows that children who are around smokers have higher rates of ear infections. 

High levels of contamination can also increase the risk of ear infections.

Allergies 

Which can cause inflammation or irritation of the upper airways and the Eustachian tubes.

Sibling – having one or more children may bring more germs into the home.

Living in areas with long winters

Children in these areas often develop more upper respiratory infections, which usually precede an ear infection.

Gender

Boys tend to have more ear infections than girls, although experts don’t know why. 

Age: Children under 18 months of age are more likely to develop inflammation than older children because young children have less immune systems and their Eustachian tubes are smaller.

Other underlying health problems 

May compromise a children immunity and make him more susceptible to frequent ear infections.

Premature birth: Babies born prematurely tend to have ear infections more than other babies.

Treating recurrent ear infection in children

Doctors have different criteria for determining how to treat chronic ear infections, and each condition is unique, but usually, the first line of treatment when a child has an earache is:

Watchful waiting (monitoring symptoms without drug intervention)

Your doctor may want to wait several months to see if things improve on their own.

(then he prescribes antibiotics for an ear infection.

If antibiotics do not solve the problem) and the ear pain remains or continues to return, doctors often suggest surgically draining fluids from the ear, inserting ear tubes to ventilate the area and adjust the pressure in the middle ear, and this procedure is performed by an otolaryngologist. 

The most commonly used tubes stay in place for six to nine months and require follow-up visits until they usually fall off on their own After about 12 months, the tubes should provide a temporary solution until your child is older than his tendency to develop an ear infection.

Removal of adenoids for children

The doctor may also suggest removing adenoids for your child.

Adenoids are lymph tissue located in the back of the nose in the upper part of the throat, and it can block the Eustachian tube, but after recent research, the American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend removing adenoids to treat chronic recurrent ear infections.

If your doctor still recommends this procedure, discuss the pros and cons of treatment, and consider getting a second opinion.

Surgery to repair a hole in the eardrum

If the doctor finds that your child has a hole in the eardrum, the doctor will determine the size of the hole, and the type of procedure used to treat it, the doctor closes the hole by the child’s tissues, and this tissue may slide behind or over the hole in the eardrum, to fix The tissue is in place, and the surgeon places a small packet of a special substance behind the tissue. This material slowly dissolves over several months as the eardrum heals. 

Surgery to treat an infection in the ear bones or a growth in the middle ear Other complications of an ear infection can include the formation of a cyst lining the skin (called a cholesteatoma) in the middle ear, or the infection spreads to the small diaphragm bone in the middle ear. In both cases, a surgery called Mastoidectomy to stop the infection and prevent serious complications.

The best way to prevent ear infection in kids is to reduce the risk factors associated with the causes of recurrent ear infection in children, to make sure that your child gets the flu vaccine every year, and to make sure to wash your hands and your child’s hands well and frequently. 

These are among the most important ways to stop the spread of germs that can cause Colds and then ear infections.

Dear mother, you can learn more topics about feeding and health of young children on the “4mumy” website from here.

what causes recurrent ear infections in toddlers?

The most common cause is an accumulation of fluid and mucus behind the eardrum, which does not drain properly through the Eustachian tube in the ear that Connecting the upper throat to the middle ear, children are more likely to have recurrent otitis media between the ages of two and four, But one person may develop an ear infection more than others, and the following factors may contribute to this:

3 Main causes of cradle cap in babies, its symptoms and treatment

3 Main causes of cradle cap in babies, its symptoms and treatment

Cradle cap in babies or infantile seborrheic dermatitis is a common problem among babies, which causes a thick crusty and oily layer to appear on the scalp of your baby, and it may appear from the age of two weeks to 12 months, and this problem often resolves on its own, but sometimes It may be very thick and need a medical shampoo prescribed by the doctor.

3 Main causes of cradle cap in babies, its symptoms and treatment

Sometimes scales appear on areas other than the baby’s head, such as the eyebrows, the area behind the ear, the front of the head and the folds of the skin, in this article we will talk about the causes of cradle cap in babies and methods of treatment.

Cradle cover for babies

infantile seborrheic dermatitis is a troublesome problem for you, even if it is not a bother for your baby, although it does not cause him any itching or pain, its appearance may make you anxious anxiously, here are the causes and symptoms of infantile seborrheic dermatitis.

Causes of cradle cap in babies

There is no specific and certain reason why it appears in babies, but there are some factors that can be the cause of this problem, such as:

The hormones that you pass to your baby during childbirth may cause a lot of fat to be produced from the sebaceous glands and hair follicles on your baby’s scalp.

A fungus called Malassezia grows on fat, and some types of bacteria may also be present with it.

Often dead skin cells fall out naturally, and because of the excess oil on the scalp, these cells stick to the skin, leading to the formation of yellow scales on the scalp.

Symptoms of cradle cap in babies

The appearance of flaky patches, or a whole layer of white or yellow scales, on a baby’s scalp.

There may be slight redness in the affected area.

The spots may appear elsewhere, such as the eyebrows and eyelashes, skin folds, the diaper area, and behind the ear.

Cradle cap treatment

Often the cradle cap problem disappears without any treatment, but sometimes the crusts may be very thick and you need to remove them yourself, or you need some medications prescribed by the doctor, here is the detail:

Wash your baby’s hair daily with baby shampoo, then try to remove dandruff with a very fine comb, or scrub your baby’s scalp with a soft brush.

If washing your child’s hair with shampoo daily is not enough, try applying a small amount of mineral oil to his scalps, such as paraffin or Vaseline oil, or vegetable oil such as olive oil and leave it for two hours, then wash his hair with shampoo after that, then use a thin brush or comb To scrub his scalp and remove dandruff.

If washing your baby’s hair daily with shampoo or massaging his scalp with oils doesn’t solve this problem, you can consult your doctor to prescribe some medications, such as creams containing low-potency cortisone, and creams or shampoos that contain 2% of the antifungal ketoconazole.

When using anti-fungal shampoo, be careful not to get the shampoo in your child’s eyes.

Also, don’t use any cortisone cream or antifungal, as some of these products may be toxic to babies.

If the cradle cap problem in babies gets worse over time despite all attempts, or your child’s scalp becomes swollen, becomes very red, or becomes containing pus, consult your child’s doctor immediately.

My dear, you got acquainted with the treatment of cradle cap in babies, its symptoms, and its causes, we advise you to avoid using peanut oil on the scalp of your baby, as it may cause him sensitivity, and also avoid using regular soap or adult hair shampoo, and in the end, I know that this problem is not contagious, It has nothing to do with personal hygiene.

A conscious mother is the one who cares about everything related to her baby, including nutrition, care, and health care. 

For other articles on babies, read more articles through the babies care section.

what is cradle cap in babies?

Cradle cap in babies or infantile seborrheic dermatitis is a common problem among babies, which causes a thick crusty and oily layer to appear on the scalp of your baby, and it may appear from the age of two weeks to 12 months, and this problem often resolves on its own, but sometimes It may be very thick and need a medical shampoo prescribed by the doctor. Sometimes scales appear on areas other than the baby’s head, such as the eyebrows, the area behind the ear, the front of the head and the folds of the skin, in this article we will talk about the causes of cradle cap in babies and methods of treatment.