Babies

Babies healthcare

Signs of ear infection in children and treatment

An ear infection is a common disease among infants and young children, and according to doctors’ estimates, 80% of young children and infants have it at least once until the age of three, and half of these children may have it three or more times, Signs of ear infection in children are many.

Signs of ear infection in children
Signs of ear infection in children

4mumy will tell you about Signs and causes of ear infections in children.

Reasons for the prevalence of ear infection in children

Otitis media is caused by blockage of the eustachian tube (the auditory canal) and fluid accumulation in the middle ear, which leads to a bacterial or viral infection.

This blockage usually occurs when suffering from colds or congestion, as well as in cases of allergies, and it is more common among young people due to the shortness of the Eustachian tube because it is still in the stage of growth and development, which helps increase the possibility of infection, in addition to weakening their immunity compared to adults.

Signs of ear infection in children

Infants and young children cannot usually tell us what hurts them, so you need to know the signs of an ear infection to be able to distinguish them if it appears on your child, and among the most prominent signs of ear infection in children:

High temperature.

Ear pulling as a result of severe feeling pain.

Loss of appetite and the unwillingness to feed or eat, because the swallowing process puts pressure on the Eustachian tube, which increases the feeling of pain.

Crying and feeling uncomfortable while lying down, because it is one of the positions that put pressure on the Eustachian tube as well.

Difficulty sleeping.

Vomiting and diarrhea.

The presence of temporary hearing difficulties.

The appearance of secretions or pus, which is an indication of a hole in the eardrum caused by fluid pressure on it.

Treating ear infections in children

Although antibiotics are commonly used to treat ear infections, recent research has confirmed that antibiotics should not be the first choice. 

According to doctors, 80% of cases of ear infections resolve on their own. 

Some cases of ear infections are viral, which means that they don’t respond For antibiotics.

On the other hand, when a child takes too many antibiotics weakens his immunity, which affects its ability to resist bacteria, so the doctor may prefer to wait and monitor the development of the condition.

Why does the doctor not prescribe antibiotics for my child?

If the child is younger than two years old, the doctor may prefer to give him an antibiotic, because the child is unable to tell you if his condition worsens, and infants less than two years old are more vulnerable to complications such as hearing loss.

In the case of young children over two years of age, and if the symptoms are not severe, the doctor may suggest monitoring him from two to three days, and if his condition doesn’t improve during that period, the doctor will prescribe an antibiotic, analgesic and antipyretic such as paracetamol.

How to protect your child from an ear infection?

Protect him as much as possible from catching a cold and influenza.

Don’t smoke near it.

Not to breastfeed while lying down or asleep, and make sure that he is tilted.

Taking care of breastfeeding, due to the great role of breast milk in raising the efficiency of its immune system.

Although ear infection is common in young children, it is one of the conditions that should be dealt with great care due to the seriousness of its complications if not treated well, it may cause permanent hearing loss or a permanent perforation of the eardrum, and if signs of ear infection in children appear on your little one, don’t hesitate to go to the doctor immediately.

can ear infection in toddler go away on its own?

According to doctors, 80% of cases of ear infections resolve on their own.

Some cases of ear infections are viral, which means that they don’t respond For antibiotics.

On the other hand, when a child takes too many antibiotics weakens his immunity, which affects its ability to resist bacteria, so the doctor may prefer to wait and monitor the development of the condition.

can ear infection in toddler cause vomiting?

Infants and young children cannot usually tell us what hurts them, so you need to know the signs of an ear infection to be able to distinguish them if it appears on your child, and among the most prominent signs of ear infection in children:

Difficulty sleeping

Vomiting and diarrhea.

The presence of temporary hearing difficulties.

Treatment of recurrent ear infection in children

Recurrent ear infection in children is one of the most common diseases because the tubes in their ears are shorter and smaller than adults, which makes it easier for fluids to get stuck and accumulate. 

Treatment of recurrent ear infection in children
Treatment of recurrent ear infection in children

Most children suffer from at least one infection in the ear when they reach the age of two, and one or two cases are considered Ear infections per year are fairly normal, however, if your child has three seizures in six months or four seizures a year, then your child has a chronic ear infection, this may be the result of an ear infection that is still not entirely clear and still present. Or, it may be a series of separate infections, in this article, we will learn about the cause

 of recurrent ear infection in children and how to treat it. 

What causes ear infection in babies?

Causes of recurrent ear infection in children 

Ear infections are usually caused by bacteria, and it often begins after a child has had a sore throat, cold, or other upper respiratory infection.

The most common cause is an accumulation of fluid and mucus behind the eardrum, which does not drain properly through the Eustachian tube in the ear that Connecting the upper throat to the middle ear, children are more likely to have recurrent otitis media between the ages of two and four, But one person may develop an ear infection more than others, and the following factors may contribute to this:

Those with a family history of ear infections are at greater risk of chronic ear infections.

Environmental factors 

Such as second-hand smoke and lying down to drink from a bottle or cup can also contribute to recurrent ear infection in children

In daycare centers (nurseries)

Children in daycare are exposed to more germs and insects than children who do not go to nursery.

Living with a smoker 

Research shows that children who are around smokers have higher rates of ear infections. 

High levels of contamination can also increase the risk of ear infections.

Allergies 

Which can cause inflammation or irritation of the upper airways and the Eustachian tubes.

Sibling – having one or more children may bring more germs into the home.

Living in areas with long winters

Children in these areas often develop more upper respiratory infections, which usually precede an ear infection.

Gender

Boys tend to have more ear infections than girls, although experts don’t know why. 

Age: Children under 18 months of age are more likely to develop inflammation than older children because young children have less immune systems and their Eustachian tubes are smaller.

Other underlying health problems 

May compromise a children immunity and make him more susceptible to frequent ear infections.

Premature birth: Babies born prematurely tend to have ear infections more than other babies.

Treating recurrent ear infection in children

Doctors have different criteria for determining how to treat chronic ear infections, and each condition is unique, but usually, the first line of treatment when a child has an earache is:

Watchful waiting (monitoring symptoms without drug intervention)

Your doctor may want to wait several months to see if things improve on their own.

(then he prescribes antibiotics for an ear infection.

If antibiotics do not solve the problem) and the ear pain remains or continues to return, doctors often suggest surgically draining fluids from the ear, inserting ear tubes to ventilate the area and adjust the pressure in the middle ear, and this procedure is performed by an otolaryngologist. 

The most commonly used tubes stay in place for six to nine months and require follow-up visits until they usually fall off on their own After about 12 months, the tubes should provide a temporary solution until your child is older than his tendency to develop an ear infection.

Removal of adenoids for children

The doctor may also suggest removing adenoids for your child.

Adenoids are lymph tissue located in the back of the nose in the upper part of the throat, and it can block the Eustachian tube, but after recent research, the American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend removing adenoids to treat chronic recurrent ear infections.

If your doctor still recommends this procedure, discuss the pros and cons of treatment, and consider getting a second opinion.

Surgery to repair a hole in the eardrum

If the doctor finds that your child has a hole in the eardrum, the doctor will determine the size of the hole, and the type of procedure used to treat it, the doctor closes the hole by the child’s tissues, and this tissue may slide behind or over the hole in the eardrum, to fix The tissue is in place, and the surgeon places a small packet of a special substance behind the tissue. This material slowly dissolves over several months as the eardrum heals. 

Surgery to treat an infection in the ear bones or a growth in the middle ear Other complications of an ear infection can include the formation of a cyst lining the skin (called a cholesteatoma) in the middle ear, or the infection spreads to the small diaphragm bone in the middle ear. In both cases, a surgery called Mastoidectomy to stop the infection and prevent serious complications.

The best way to prevent ear infection in kids is to reduce the risk factors associated with the causes of recurrent ear infection in children, to make sure that your child gets the flu vaccine every year, and to make sure to wash your hands and your child’s hands well and frequently. 

These are among the most important ways to stop the spread of germs that can cause Colds and then ear infections.

Dear mother, you can learn more topics about feeding and health of young children on the “4mumy” website from here.

what causes recurrent ear infections in toddlers?

The most common cause is an accumulation of fluid and mucus behind the eardrum, which does not drain properly through the Eustachian tube in the ear that Connecting the upper throat to the middle ear, children are more likely to have recurrent otitis media between the ages of two and four, But one person may develop an ear infection more than others, and the following factors may contribute to this:

3 Main causes of cradle cap in babies, its symptoms and treatment

3 Main causes of cradle cap in babies, its symptoms and treatment

Cradle cap in babies or infantile seborrheic dermatitis is a common problem among babies, which causes a thick crusty and oily layer to appear on the scalp of your baby, and it may appear from the age of two weeks to 12 months, and this problem often resolves on its own, but sometimes It may be very thick and need a medical shampoo prescribed by the doctor.

3 Main causes of cradle cap in babies, its symptoms and treatment

Sometimes scales appear on areas other than the baby’s head, such as the eyebrows, the area behind the ear, the front of the head and the folds of the skin, in this article we will talk about the causes of cradle cap in babies and methods of treatment.

Cradle cover for babies

infantile seborrheic dermatitis is a troublesome problem for you, even if it is not a bother for your baby, although it does not cause him any itching or pain, its appearance may make you anxious anxiously, here are the causes and symptoms of infantile seborrheic dermatitis.

Causes of cradle cap in babies

There is no specific and certain reason why it appears in babies, but there are some factors that can be the cause of this problem, such as:

The hormones that you pass to your baby during childbirth may cause a lot of fat to be produced from the sebaceous glands and hair follicles on your baby’s scalp.

A fungus called Malassezia grows on fat, and some types of bacteria may also be present with it.

Often dead skin cells fall out naturally, and because of the excess oil on the scalp, these cells stick to the skin, leading to the formation of yellow scales on the scalp.

Symptoms of cradle cap in babies

The appearance of flaky patches, or a whole layer of white or yellow scales, on a baby’s scalp.

There may be slight redness in the affected area.

The spots may appear elsewhere, such as the eyebrows and eyelashes, skin folds, the diaper area, and behind the ear.

Cradle cap treatment

Often the cradle cap problem disappears without any treatment, but sometimes the crusts may be very thick and you need to remove them yourself, or you need some medications prescribed by the doctor, here is the detail:

Wash your baby’s hair daily with baby shampoo, then try to remove dandruff with a very fine comb, or scrub your baby’s scalp with a soft brush.

If washing your child’s hair with shampoo daily is not enough, try applying a small amount of mineral oil to his scalps, such as paraffin or Vaseline oil, or vegetable oil such as olive oil and leave it for two hours, then wash his hair with shampoo after that, then use a thin brush or comb To scrub his scalp and remove dandruff.

If washing your baby’s hair daily with shampoo or massaging his scalp with oils doesn’t solve this problem, you can consult your doctor to prescribe some medications, such as creams containing low-potency cortisone, and creams or shampoos that contain 2% of the antifungal ketoconazole.

When using anti-fungal shampoo, be careful not to get the shampoo in your child’s eyes.

Also, don’t use any cortisone cream or antifungal, as some of these products may be toxic to babies.

If the cradle cap problem in babies gets worse over time despite all attempts, or your child’s scalp becomes swollen, becomes very red, or becomes containing pus, consult your child’s doctor immediately.

My dear, you got acquainted with the treatment of cradle cap in babies, its symptoms, and its causes, we advise you to avoid using peanut oil on the scalp of your baby, as it may cause him sensitivity, and also avoid using regular soap or adult hair shampoo, and in the end, I know that this problem is not contagious, It has nothing to do with personal hygiene.

A conscious mother is the one who cares about everything related to her baby, including nutrition, care, and health care. 

For other articles on babies, read more articles through the babies care section.

what is cradle cap in babies?

Cradle cap in babies or infantile seborrheic dermatitis is a common problem among babies, which causes a thick crusty and oily layer to appear on the scalp of your baby, and it may appear from the age of two weeks to 12 months, and this problem often resolves on its own, but sometimes It may be very thick and need a medical shampoo prescribed by the doctor. Sometimes scales appear on areas other than the baby’s head, such as the eyebrows, the area behind the ear, the front of the head and the folds of the skin, in this article we will talk about the causes of cradle cap in babies and methods of treatment.

Ear infection in children, its causes and symptoms

Ear infection in children, its causes and symptoms
Ear infection in children is one of the most common diseases that affect them, as fifty percent of children develop an ear infection during the first year of their life, and the term otitis refers to the occurrence of inflammation in the middle ear that contains the Eustachian tube .
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Ear infection in children, its causes and symptoms
And its infection causes several Symptoms of the most important of which are the child’s feeling of pain in the ear area and discomfort, in addition to an increase in his temperature, a feeling of general physical fatigue and a decrease in his physical movement, and a loss of appetite, and because of the prevalence and prevalence of ear infection among children, 4MUMY decided to talk about the causes of ear infection in children and methods of diagnosis.

Causes of ear infection in children

The bacterial infection is one of the most important causes of ear infection in children, as the infection usually occurs after a child has a sore throat, a cold, or an upper respiratory infection, and in cases where the respiratory infection is bacterial, these bacteria are transmitted directly In cases where the primary infection is viral, such as the common cold, this viral infection forms a fertile environment for the growth of bacteria, as it attracts bacteria to it to cause a secondary bacterial infection, and in all cases, the fluid collects in The area behind the eardrum, which leads to the child’s feeling of the previous symptoms, as for the other causes of ear infection in children, which are the so-called indirect causes and factors that increase the likelihood of developing this infection, the most important of these causes and risk factors are the following:
-Age group, as the risk of infection increases in children between the ages of six months to two years.
-The child goes to group childcare and exposes him to a large group of children.
-Previous child with seasonal allergys.
-The child was exposed to air pollution, such as inhaling tobacco smoke.
-Infection with some previous medical conditions, such as a cleft palate.
Ethnicity, in which children are more likely to develop ear infection in Aboriginal Alaska.

Complications of an ear infection in children

In general, most cases of an ear infection may not cause complications or long term health problems, but exposure to this infection repeatedly or not treating these infections properly may lead to permanent complications for the child, as hearing loss is considered a problem. The most important of these complications, as this loss of hearing, may affect the child’s ability to speak, such as delayed speech, and ear infection may cause a hole in the eardrum, and the infection may spread to surrounding tissues such as the mastoid bone, which leads to infection of ear decay.

4mumy tips for treating colic in newborns

4mumy tips for treating colic in newborns
A newborn baby cries a lot after feeding and changing his nappy without the mother knowing the reason for his constant crying, and you may ask the reasons why newborns cry.
Colic in newborn
4mumy tips for treating colic in newborns
Usually the incidence of colic in newborns and gases, as a result of swallowing a large amount of air during feeding, and being unable to get rid of these gases on his own, so he uses his only way to express his feelings of pain and distress, which is crying, so today we offer you some tips to treat colic when newborn Childbirth, so get to know it and apply it to your little one, because it will help you a lot in relieving his pain.

Treating colic in newborns

There are some simple tips and natural solutions that you need to follow to rid your newborn of infantile colic and gases, without resorting to prescription medicine for colic, know them:

Massaging the baby’s belly or back:

Massaging your baby’s belly will help him get rid of infantile colic and the accumulated gases and facilitate the pushing out of his stomach, use any type of light oils to massage your baby’s stomach and back, they are ideal for massages.
Here is the correct way to massage a newborns to treat colic:
Let your baby lie on his back, and take off his nappy and clothes.
Put a little oil on the palms of your hands, and start massaging it gently, so that his delicate skin is not irritated by friction.
Massage your baby’s tummy in a clockwise, circular motion, as this movement stimulates the easy passage of gas.
Put your baby on his stomach and start massaging his back the same way.
Read more: reasons for difference in density of breast milk

Wheel Exercise for Infants:

Try the wheel exercise with your baby, it helps rid the newborn of the infantile colic
And gas, follow these steps whenever you feel that your baby has colic or gas.
Let your baby lie on his back, hold his legs in your hands, alternately moving his left and right legs toward his stomach.
Repeat the exercise more than once, with slight pressure on the abdomen to release gas.
Be careful not to perform this exercise immediately after feeding, as your baby will not experience reflux.

Bathing the baby with warm water:

Warm water has a magical effect in calming the stomach of a newborn baby and reducing colic in newborns.
You don’t need to add soap, just warm water will take care of it, and it will also help calm your baby’s nerves and make it easier for him to get rid of colic and gas, make him feel more comfortable, and sleep better at night.

Helping the baby to burp:

In the first months of life, a newborn is not able to excrete excess gases in its stomach on its own, so make sure to help your baby to burp to expel the gases that he swallows during feeding.
Here are ways to help a newborn baby burp:
Hold your baby on your shoulder in an upright position with his body well supported.
Pat him on the back with your fingertips to get the gas he swallows out.
Repeat in the middle and after each feeding, until your baby is a little older and can’t burp without help.

Avoid eating certain foods for the mother:

If you are breastfeeding, you should pay attention to the foods you eat on a daily basis, as some foods affect your breastfeeding milk.
There are some foods that you should stay away from, such as garlic, onions and spices, as they increase the child’s feeling of colic and bloating.
Correct feeding position in the case of breastfeeding:
Colic in breastfed babies is one of the most common reasons, so you should make sure to breastfeed your baby in the correct feeding position, so that the largest part of the dark areola surrounding the nipple is inside his mouth, to avoid swallowing large amounts of air during feeding in the wrong position.

In the case of artificial feeding:

Make sure to hold the feeding bottle in an inclined position, so that the child does not swallow a lot of air during feeding, such as sucking a bottle when empty of milk, taking into account not to raise it up, and wait a while after shaking the bottle of milk, until the air bubbles disappear from it and then present it to your child.

Symptoms of colic in newborns

Newborns express everything they feel crying, whether they are hungry, wet, colic or bloating, so you know the signs that tell you that your baby is suffering from colic.
-The more crying and crying accompanying the cramping, the more colic.
-He rubbed the child with his hands and feet and tried to pull them towards his stomach.
-Baby’s stomach becomes blocked due to colic, and you will notice it when you touch your baby’s tummy.
-Facial redness and intense crying.
-Constipation, bloating, and frequent gases.
-Hear the sound of gas as your baby sleeps on his stomach.
-Increased colic symptoms in a formula-fed baby.

When do colic end and its symptoms subside?

We talked before that there is no treatment for colic in the first weeks of the child except to help him to burp after each feed while properly carrying him during feeding so that he does not swallow the air that causes colic and bloating and to organize feedings at close intervals of time. 
The good news is, the symptoms of severe colic disappear by the arrival of your child at the age of three to six months, and the beginning of the introduction of hard and soft food and the completion of his stomach and digestive system.
In the event that your baby continues to cry, after trying all the previous methods of treating colic in newborns, you should consult a specialist pediatrician to diagnose his condition and check on his safety, and know that infantile colic and gas are among the natural things that all newborns suffer from, so do not worry, as it is a stage that he goes through , All newborn babies will pass safely.

3 Causes of skin sensitivity in newborns

3 Causes of skin sensitivity in newborns
Skin allergy most often occurs in newborns and is sometimes due to skin allergys that spread to many parts of the body, such as the face, neck, hands, legs, nappy area, or skin folds, which are the most common allergys in children, followed by food allergy and then chest allergy.
skin sensitivity in newborns
3 Causes of skin sensitivity in newborns
How to take care of newborn baby skin?
In this article, learn about the causes of skin sensitivity in newborns and some newborn skin care guidelines.

Causes of skin sensitivity in newborns

Some several causes and diseases cause skin sensitivity in newborns, and some other symptoms may coincide with them, such as a cold, sneezing, or runny nose, and these diseases include:

Baby eczema:

An infection of the skin characterized by the appearance of the baby skin rash, an itchy red on the child’s chest, face, elbow, behind the knee, cheek or chin, or on the forehead and scalp, due to skin dryness or sensitivity to various irritants such as:
-Pet dander and hair scales.
-Effects of washing powder on baby clothes and bedding.
-Dust mite
-Household cleaners.
-Drooling may cause baby eczema around the mouth and chin.
-cigarette smoke.
-Touch the baby’s skin to nylon or wool fabrics.

Allergic contact dermatitis:

That looks like packed pimples or crusted blisters and appears immediately after touching the child’s skin to an irritant such as:
Soap.
Effects of clothing powder.
Perfumes.
Rubber in plastic toys, nipples, and pacifiers.

Urticaria:

Appears as raised, bruising, pink, red, or skin colored as an allergic reaction to exposure to an irritant, but it is not dry or crusted, and it may appear breathing difficulties or swelling of the face and mouth, which requires urgent medical intervention.
In general, there are well-known irritants that cause skin sensitivity in newborns, such as:
-Dust mite.
-Dyes, such as clothing or other dyes.
Perfumes.
-Rubber or latex.
-Mold is like a wall mold.
-Pet dander and scales.
-Pollen dust or pollen in the air.
After we mentioned some of the common causes of allergys in newborns, we will know their treatment next.

Treatment of skin sensitivity in newborns

The first step in baby skin rash treatment identify the cause of it, remove it, and keep it away from the child, with the doctor prescribing some procedures and treatments for skin allergys, such as:

Baby eczema treatment:

-Keep the affected area dry and clean.
-Use baby sensitive skin lotion it’s unscented and takes a shower with lukewarm water for a time not exceeding five to ten minutes.
-Avoid fabric softener and use gentle baby clothes powder.
-Applying lotions prescribed by the doctor to the child’s skin to avoid drying out the area.
-Paint the affected area with hydrocortisone ointments after the doctor prescribes it if the sensitivity does not go away.
Immunosuppressants and phototherapy in severe cases.

Treatment for Allergic Contact Dermatitis:

Avoid the allergen and wash the part that came into contact with the irritant with lukewarm water, with the use of cold compresses to reduce pain and swelling in the affected area, apply cortisone creams and give the child antihistamines after the doctor prescribes them.

Treatment for Urticaria:

Urticaria usually heals on its own by avoiding the allergen, and the doctor may prescribe an antihistamine to treat or prevent it in the future, but you must seek urgent medical care if you encounter respiratory problems or swelling of the mouth or face.
To find out the cause of the allergy, the child’s history of exposure to irritants must be reviewed with the doctor to avoid it in the future, and the child may also undergo an allergy test by introducing very small parts of the suspicious substance into the skin and noting the emergence of any reaction against him.
Read more: Reasons for difference in density of breast milk
If the reaction appeared, this means that the child is allergic to it, and it may also need to be done. A blood test, but it may be inaccurate in very young children, and the baby skin rash may not be due to allergys, there are several other reasons, some of them serious, so you should go to the doctor as soon as the baby skin rash appears, for reassurance and diagnosis.
In conclusion, after we mentioned some of the causes of skin sensitivity in newborns and adequate treatment for allergys, a mother should learn a baby skin care routine, we also advise you to seek medical help if you notice the appearance of other worrisome symptoms with the rash, such as a rapid heartbeat, weak pulse, swelling of the eyes, face, or lips, vomiting, fainting, breathing difficulties or high temperature, or when the baby skin rash remains for more than a week or its spread increases, or deepen it into the skin to give your newborn skin care guidelines.

Diaper inflammation on my baby, causes and treatment

Diaper inflammation on my baby, causes and treatment
At first, My child was suffering due to Diaper inflammation, until I found the right treatment and adapted to this problem, and now I can say that I can overcome the problem of diaper dermatitis.
Baby Diaper inflammation
Diaper inflammation on my baby, causes and treatment
And I know that certainly, every mother has also suffered from the problem of Diaper inflammation, and now it is our turn to give you our expertise, in order to shorten the way for you, so that we will tell you everything about infant dissections or Diaper inflammation and how to overcome them.

What is Diaper inflammation?

Diaper dermatitis it’s a common form of dermatitis, and it is often associated with frequent wetness of your baby, with changing the diaper irregularly, but do not worry, as most of these exudates can be overcome at home, without the need to seek the doctor.

What are the symptoms of Diaper inflammation in your child?

Diaper dermatitis occurs, because of wearing diapers and may increase in summer due to heat and sweat, and its symptoms are:
Red ness with a slight swelling of the diaper area at the back or on the genitals, and sometimes it increases all the way to the thighs.
Changes in your baby’s behavior, so he moves a lot and appears uncomfortable, especially while changing the diaper.
Your baby cries when washing or touching the diaper area.
If you started home treatment with changing your child’s diaper periodically, and yet your child does not improve after several days or shows some of these symptoms, you should refer to the doctor:
The rash worsens or persists without improvement despite treatment.
Your child’s high temperature.
The rash extends beyond the pelvic area.
The presence of blisters in the place of the rash.
The presence of pus or secretions.
Your child’s inability to sleep from these infections.

What are the causes of Diaper inflammation in your child?

Skin irritation due to urine or stool, so it is important to change the diaper frequently.
Diarrhea with an irregular diaper change.
An allergy to a certain food due to your breastfeeding or when soft or hard food was introduced.
Using a new type of diaper.
The use of plastic diapers to prevent leaks, as it causes the diaper area to not be ventilated.
An allergy to any of the products used for your babies, such as a lotion, cream, or soap that is not suitable for infants or not suitable for your child’s skin.
Infection with fungi or bacteria, as the diaper area is warm and moist, which is a fertile environment for infection to occur.
If your child suffers from eczema or sensitive skin, he is more prone to infections.
Tightness in diapers or clothes, causing itching or infection.
Your child takes an antibiotic at the same time, as it weakens your child’s immunity and this may cause infections.

How to treat Diaper inflammation at home?

The most important thing in diaper rash treatment
It is to keep the diaper area clean and dry as possible.
Avoid products used for the diaper area of ​​your baby.
Wash the diaper area with water only, and avoid soap and wipes that contain alcohol or perfume.
Remove the diaper for your baby as much as possible, so that his skin remains dry and begins to heal, especially if it is summer, so you can leave him for some time without a nappy.
When using a diaper for your baby it should be changed periodically, and after using diaper rash cream.
They are the best diaper rash treatment, apply a thin layer of Vaseline or olive oil, to act as a barrier between wetness and your baby’s skin.
Avoid tight clothes and diapers, and it is preferable to use a larger diaper until your baby is cured.
Teach your son how to use the bathroom, how to prevent nappy infection.
Always wash the area with water and soap intended for infants and dry it well before wearing a new nappy, because prevention is better than treatment.
Only use wet wipes outside the home or when no water is available.
Use baby wipes.
Always use olive oil or diaper rash cream
For infants, such as Sudocrem or Olive zinc cream, or any other cream containing zinc, it is intended for infants.
Finally, if the diaper rash treatment does not work and Diaper inflammation did not cure the same, as your child may have a fungal or bacterial infection that requires specific treatment creams, and then you should consult your doctor to give you the best diaper rash treatment, do not use any creams with cortisone or a fungicide treatment before consulting the doctor.

Causes of cracked nipples and how to treat them?

Causes of cracked nipples and how to treat them?
Cracked nipples are a common issue among breastfeeding women, and knowing the causes of cracked nipples will help you choose the appropriate treatment to relieve their pain.
You may ask some questions about the causes of cracked nipples
Are cracked nipples normal?
Why do I have a cracked nipple?
Causes of cracked nipples and how to treat them?
Causes of cracked nipples and how to treat them?

Causes of cracked nipples

Cracked nipples can be caused by the incorrect posture of the child during feeding, improper tightening of the child on the breast, soap residue on the breasts if not washed well, as well as thrush
Nipples have what are called “Montgomery’s” tubercles.
These glands produce antibacterial oils that keep the nipple clean. Soap can dry these oils, causing dry and cracked nipples.
It is best to avoid using soap and only use warm water to cleanse the nipples.
Thrush can be a common occurrence among breastfeeding mothers and their children, and it is one of the causes of cracked nipples, symptoms of thrush include pain in the nipples, and sometimes cracking, as well as redness and itching in the breast.
In the child’s mouth, and such spots can also be found in the child’s buttocks or groin area, thrush is usually a result of the mother taking antibiotics during the breastfeeding period, or taking oral contraceptives, but there may be other reasons as well if If you suspect that you have thrush, you can continue breastfeeding, but make an appointment with the doctor to get a proper diagnosis.
If you are diagnosed with thrush, the doctor will prescribe medicine for the mother and the child that will cure you of thrush and cracked nipples.
Sometimes pregnant women prepare their nipples for breastfeeding during pregnancy, through several methods such as rubbing the nipples lightly with a towel, or pulling the nipples, this causes more harm than good for nipples, and this is usually one of the causes of cracked nipples.
If you are pregnant, stop these malpractices.
If your nipples become cracked due to these practices, you can treat them with your milk.
Gently apply a small amount of it to your breasts, and rub it gently on the nipples several times a day to soothe the affected areas.
There are many positions that you can use to breastfeed your baby, but some positions may suit you well, and others may not suit you or your child, you can learn more about this topic through The New mother’s Guide to Breastfeeding
Whatever position you are trying to use for your baby, make sure you are doing it correctly. When the baby is not positioned correctly, he will try to suck in a harder way, so that the milk is pushed out better for him.
The friction from harsh feeding on the nipple can cause cracked nipples.

home remedies for cracked nipples

You can work from the beginning to avoid breast cracking, even before childbirth and start breastfeeding, but if it occurs and cracks and is late in taking care of it, you should treat it as follows:
-You can use coconut oil for cracked nipples, as coconut oil eliminates the dryness of the nipples, gently apply coconut oil to the nipples to restore moisture without harming your baby.
-Always clean and dry them after each feeding, using a sterile medical cloth.
-Do not wash it with soap, or it will dry out.
-Use moisturizing breast creams according to your budget, and you can use olive oil.
-Drink lots of fluids.
-Continue breastfeeding as much as possible.
-Take a mild analgesic such as paracetamol, and you can grind it and dissolve it in water and rub the nipple with it to soothe it, making sure to clean and wash it well before feeding.
-Use warm, then cold compresses to moisturize them.

Medela: important differences between using a breast milk pump (electric and manual)

Medela: important differences between using a breast milk pump (electric and manual)

Medela breast milk pump was one of the most important products that I added to my shopping list during my pregnancy because I knew the need to use a breast milk pump to increase the production of breast milk and to ensure that my baby was fed natural milk at any time easily without the need for formula milk, and after much research, I decided to buy an electric breast pump, to Save Time and effort that may be wasted on hand pumping.

Medela breast pump
Important differences between using a breast milk pump (electric and manual)
After giving birth to a week, my friend gave me a manual breast milk pump, and she didn’t know that I had bought an electric breast milk pump, at first I started using the electric pump after I thought it was the easiest, and I put the hand pump aside until I resorted to using it during my travels because of its lightweight and ease of use without the need for an electric current, then I discovered different advantages for both the manual and the electric types, so I decided to write a quick comparison between them for each mother New so that you can choose the most suitable one without any further trouble in searching.

Comparison of electric and manual breast milk pump

Specifications Manual breast pump Electric breast pump
Ease of use Easy Easy
Pumping speed variable fixed
Pumping power variable variable
Sound No sound Loud voice
Pump control Pumping speed and power can be controlled Only pumping power can be controlled
Cleaning Easy to clean Easy to clean
Disassembly and installation Easy to disassemble and install Easy to disassemble and install

Features of manual breast milk pump and electric breast milk pump medela

Using a breast milk pump (manual) :

It has a lightweight and is easy to disassemble, assemble, and clean.
The pumping speed and strength of milk can be controlled manually.
It does not make it too loud, so you can use it at night without disturbing your little one.
You do not need an electrical source to operate it, so you can easily use it anytime and anywhere.

Using a breast milk pump (electric) :

It consists of simple and easy to use parts.
It can be charged to run on batteries when there is no electrical current nearby.
It’s easy to use and so convenient, it expresses milk automatically once it’s applied to your breast and turned on.

Things I didn’t like when using a breast milk pump

Medela manual breast milk pump:

-Causes pain in the hand due to hand pumping.
-Very expensive compared to other hand pumps.

Medela electric breast milk pump:

-Beeps a little loudly when turned on.
-Expensive compared to hand pumps of even the same brand.

Important advice on using a breast milk pump

It is worth noting that there are different sizes of the pumping bowl that is attached to the breast to pump milk, so make sure to choose the appropriate size for the breast and nipples, to ensure the easy withdrawal of milk and to avoid the feeling of pain and cracking of the nipples while pumping milk.
After using the manual and electric medela breast milk pump, I started using the manual pump most of the time, to control the force and speed of pumping the milk, it takes less time to pump the same amount of milk compared to the electric breast milk pump, whose speed cannot be controlled, while I use the electric breast pump When I’m not in a hurry, I sit down while watching TV and let it draw in just the right amount of milk without the extra effort of manual twice.

10 things you didn’t know about using a breast milk pump medela

10 things you didn’t know about using a breast milk pump medela
Once the countdown to the end of your birth leave begins, the stage of worrying about feeding your little one begins, and you begin with questions:
“Where will I leave my baby? How will I be able to breastfeed during the work period?”
10 things you didn't know about using a breast milk pump medela
10 things you didn’t know about using a breast milk pump

Using a breast milk pump is the best solution that prevents you from resorting to formula milk to feed your baby with your natural milk during your absence, so “4mumy” offers you 10 things that no one will tell you about medela breast milk pump.

Things to know when using a breast milk pump

Before start using a breast milk pump, there are some essential things you need to keep in mind:
-When choosing a breast milk pump, be careful that it consists of two types, a manual type and an electric one, and since electric is relatively high in price compared to manual and easy to control, most mothers prefer manual.
-Start using a breast milk pump at the beginning of the sixth week after birth, so that your baby gets used to feeding on your breast during this period, and does not refuse to breastfeed by simply using the breastfeeding bottle of the milk pump.
-Use a breast milk pump to strengthen the relationship between your baby and your husband, as your husband can use the bottle to breastfeed the baby and strengthen the emotional bonds between them.
-Know that the manual breast pump is easy to carry and own, and it is ideal for travel situations, unlike the electric pump that cannot be carried in a handbag due to a large number of tools and the inability to operate without an electrical source.
-Choose a breast milk pump with soft arms, so as not to hurt your breasts or make you feel pain, and be sure to choose the right size for your breasts.
-To facilitate the process of pumping milk from the breast, sit in a comfortable and quiet place to relax and breathe well. Relaxation helps milk production well.
-Make sure to drink plenty of water and refreshing juices, in addition to eating healthy, light meals during the period of breast milk pumping.
-When starting to pump, make sure that your nipple is completely in the middle, and secure the nozzle of the pump on your breast tightly, so that no air enters the pump and reduces the quality of pumping the milk, and if you feel pain during the pumping process, consult your doctor.
-Use one breast during the pumping process, not the two breasts together.
-Using two breasts together increases the production of the milk hormone (prolactin), which causes some harm to the mother, and doubles the milk production in larger quantities than your baby needs.
-Massage your breasts well before pumping, to stimulate the milk ducts to generate milk, and do not forget to use moisturizing nipple cream after you are done.

How to use a breast milk pump

There are many different types of medela breast milk pumps, and whatever type of breast milk pump you will buy, there are some basic common steps that you must follow when using them, here is the correct way to use a breast milk pump.

The difference between a manual and an electric breast pump

If you are confused about the type of medela breast milk pump that suits you, “4mumy” offers you a comparison between manual and electronic breast milk pump and how to use manual breast milk pump , to learn the advantages and disadvantages of each to choose the most suitable for you.
Read more: Comparison between a Medela manual and electronic breast pump 
Using a breast milk pump may help you solve some breastfeeding problems, and if you encounter any problem during breastfeeding that you are unable to solve, consult your pediatrician or breastfeeding specialist for help.