The risks of gallbladder surgery during pregnancy

Perform gallbladder surgery during pregnancy if you suffer from gallstones, or any other surgery, although these conditions are uncommon, they do exist. And may be up to 2% of women need surgery to remove gallstones when they are pregnant as a result of an organ defect.

The risks of gallbladder surgery during pregnancy

The most common operations is the surgery of gallbladder, so in this article, we learn all the details of performing this surgery in a pregnancy.

Read more: 12 drinks that boost gallbladder health

Choosing when to perform gallbladder surgery during pregnancy 

In general, if any operation can be postponed until the mother gives birth, this is the best option, because in some cases the operations are very urgent, but if you decide to do a dangerous thing such as performing a gallbladder operation to a pregnant women, the necessary precautions must be taken, the most important of which is choosing the timing of the operation as follows :

The first trimester of pregnancy:

It is best to avoid the gallstones removal operation in this period  of pregnancy because some risks are resulting from anesthesia and other drugs for the fetus in this period of its formation, But if the process of eradicating the gallbladder is necessary and cannot be postponed, then there is no escape, whatever the consequences because your health is the most important in this case. 

Read more: The Right Treatment of gallbladder cancer stage 4

The second trimester of pregnancy:

May be this is the safest time to do operation,such as gallbladder removal operation, if it is not possible to postpone it until after childbirth, in the this three monthes the risks of miscarriage is lower and the uterus and fetus are stable, which makes abdominal operations easier for surgeons.

The third trimester of pregnancy:

At this time, the uterus expands to accommodate the growth of the fetus in the prenatal period, so when performing a surgery, there are some precautions that the surgeon takes to avoid the risk of premature labor, or approaching the uterus at this time.

Read more: 8 common questions about gallbladder stones surgery (gallstones)

The risk of gallbladder surgery during pregnancy

In this surgery, the surgeon removes the gallbladder through an opening in the abdomen and needs to conduct tests and take some steps before and during the operation that may be dangerous, including:

CT scan:

It is better to rely on an MRI to avoid radiation during pregnancy that can harm the fetus. CT and x-rays are the most dangerous.  


Various research indicates that narcotic drugs are usually safe for the fetus in different periods, except for the first three months, in which it is preferable to avoid the procedure in it if possible to avoid birth defects or any effect on the development of the fetus.

Complications during the operation:

Complications can occur during pregnancy at the time of the operation, so one of the doctors present in the operation must be a gynecologist and obstetrician, especially in the last three months, in the event of complications, and his presence is important to guide the surgeon and monitor blood pressure and blood pressure in the pregnant woman.

To resort to cesarean delivery:

In the case of an operation and opening the abdomen, it is most likely that a cesarean delivery will be due to the failure of the wound to fully heal in this short period before birth.  

Read more: Gallbladder Inflammation: symptoms, causes, and treatment

Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery

Most of the cholecystectomy operations are now performed laparoscopically, and this makes the existing wound much smaller than before, a very small opening so that only the surgeon can insert the endoscope through it, so do not worry, it is much easier than before.

Finally, postponing gallbladder surgery during pregnancy until after childbirth is the best choice, and so is the case in any other surgery, but if it is not possible to postpone, the health of the mother comes first before anything else, so the final choice is in the hands of the doctor, and if he decides that, You must take all your precautions.

Hormonal imbalance: causes, symptoms, and treatment

Hormonal imbalance: causes, symptoms, and treatment
Hormones are chemicals secreted by the endocrine glands in the blood to affect other parts of the body, and hormones control most of the vital processes such as development, growth, metabolism, the ability to have children, sexual activity, and others.
hormone disorder
Hormonal imbalance: causes, symptoms, and treatment

The secretion of hormones is affected by many factors, such as the medications we take, diet, daily habits, weight, and also some endocrine disruptors in cosmetics (DDT, PFCS, and more)، and women often complain of irregular menstruation, breast pain, unexplained weight gain or extreme thinness, and the doctor tells her that the reason for this is her hormonal disorder in the body.

What are the symptoms of hormonal changes in the body?

How to avoid endocrine disruptors?

What causes the hormonal imbalance?
This is what we will tell you.

Symptoms of hormonal imbalance?

Of Endocrine disruption, symptoms are the occurrence of hormonal disorders when the hormone is secreted in a large amount or a small amount in the bloodstream, and due to the primary role of hormones in the body, even a slight change in the level of hormones in the blood can lead to a major imbalance in the functions of the body, as for the most important symptoms Which tells you about the imbalance of hormones in your body are: 

Constant weight gain:

If your weight is continuously increasing even with a healthy diet and exercise, the reason is likely to be insulin resistance, which is a physiological condition in which the cells’ response to the insulin hormone is less than normal, which causes an increase in the level of blood sugar, and weight gain due to a decrease in the rate of Burning, hypothyroidism is also associated with weight gain.
How do I deal with weight gain?
Of course, it is preferable to consult a specialist doctor to conduct the necessary tests, and to know the cause in more detail, but as a quick solution, you should avoid prepared foods, sugar, and wheat in your diet.

Insomnia and sleep disturbances:

Hormonal imbalance may be the cause of your recent insomnia, especially thyroid dysfunction, as well as the hormone progesterone secreted by the ovaries helps you sleep normally, so if you are feeling insomnia, the cause may be a low level of progesterone.
How do I deal with insomnia?
Try to fix your sleep schedule, and you can practice some simple yoga exercises before bedtime, preferably eating foods rich in antioxidants, such as apples, carrots, and potatoes, and make sure you get an adequate amount of fluids during the day, and you can also drink herbs that have a calming effect before bed, such as chamomile And mint, or eat a cup of warm milk.

Excessive sweating:

If you suffer from excessive sweating and some hot flashes, hormones may play a role in this, as a decrease in the level of the hormone estrogen causes an increase in sweating and a feeling of hotness in the body, especially during sleep.
How do I deal with excess sweat?
Of course, if the condition is continuous and not temporary, you should do a blood test to find out your estrogen level, and you can drink estrogen-rich drinks, such as star anise, fenugreek, and soy milk, and drink plenty of water to hydrate your body and reduce the impact of hot flashes.

Loss of sexual desire:

One of the most obvious signs of hormonal imbalance is an imbalance of sex hormones, especially estrogen, and hypothyroidism may be the main reason behind the loss of sexual desire.
How do I deal with a loss of sexual desire?
Eat fruits that increase sexual desire, such as figs, avocados, bananas, and also chocolate, which studies have indicated that they enhance the secretion of the hormones serotonin and phenylethylamine, which enhance mood and sexual desire, and try to get rid of tension and insomnia, and get enough sleep, disturbances Sleep greatly affects sexual desire. 

Constant fatigue and laziness:

Do you feel very tired and exhausted even with normal, effortless activities? Are you struggling with an inability to focus on work or anything you want to accomplish? Hormonal imbalance may be the cause of this.
How do I deal with fatigue?
Make sure to eat a diet rich in beneficial elements that make you feel energetic, and try to avoid white flour in your diet, as an allergy to gluten in flour also causes these symptoms, and try to do some simple sports activities to stimulate blood circulation. 

Binge eating:

The constant desire to eat even after reaching the satiety stage may be a sign of hormonal imbalance, the most important of which is the imbalance of the endocrine system (thyroid and adrenal glands).
How do I deal with binge?
Try to stay away from foods that cause hormonal imbalance (sweets and food products that contain flour or dairy), so that you can control your appetite so that you do not gain weight, and drink abundantly especially before meals and eat more fiber-rich foods so that you feel full quickly.

Irregular menstruation:

The period between each period ranges from 21 to 35 days, and a delay or absence of your period for more than two months in a row and repeating it several times may indicate an imbalance in the level of your estrogen and progesterone hormones.
How do I deal with irregular menstruation?
Talk to your doctor to make sure that the problem is due to the disorder of female hormones and to prescribe the appropriate medications for you, and it may be due to PCOS.
Do any favorite sport, try to get rid of tension and insomnia, maintain your weight, and drink ginger boiled regularly, as it is one of the drinks that helps regularize the menstrual cycle

Does hormone disorder affect the skin?

The skin is a mirror of general health, and many of the disorders that occur in the body directly affect it, and also the hormonal disorder in the body may be the main reason for dry skin or the emergence of pimples frequently as follows:


The decrease in the level of the hormone estrogen in the body causes sagging skin and the appearance of premature wrinkles.


If you notice pimples appearing frequently even with your skincare routine, the reason may be the increased production of testosterone (male hormone), which may also cause increased facial hair growth.

Thyroid hormones:

A deficiency of thyroid hormones is one of the main causes of pale skin, dryness, and peeling skin.

Cortisol hormone:

It is responsible for regulating the level of tension in the body, and an increase in the level of the hormone cortisol causes an increase in the appearance of pimples, and slow healing of wounds, which causes difficulty in treating scars.

Hormone disorder treatment with medicinal herbs

Some simple home recipes and herbs help treat hormonal disorders, and they are completely safe if used moderately, and these herbs include:


Sage decoction helps regulate the level of the hormone estrogen in the blood, which in turn helps regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce the severity of its symptoms and the mood swings that accompany it.


Women in China have used ginseng for centuries as an effective medicine to regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce its symptoms, and taking ginseng regularly helps reduce the feeling of insomnia by controlling the level of the hormone cortisol, and it is also one of the drinks that stimulate sexual desire in women and men. 


A daily cup of ginger helps regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce its symptoms, it also enhances the performance of the digestive system, reduces the feeling of nausea, and helps enhance sexual desire, add a little honey to it and enjoy countless health benefits.
In the end, hormonal imbalance in the body may seem a minor symptom, but it may affect all body functions, so if you face health problems, even minor ones, be sure to consult your doctor to get the appropriate diagnosis and treatment for your condition.

5 ways to treat pregnancy melasma

5 ways to treat pregnancy melasma
Pregnancy melasma is one of the annoying problems that many women face, and it is one of the most common symptoms among pregnant women by up to 75%, as dark spots or brown pigmentations appear on the face, especially in the forehead, cheeks, or top of the lips, and these pigmentations may also appear, in places exposed to the sun.
Pregnancy melasma treatments
5 ways to treat pregnancy melasma
In this article, find out the best way to treat pregnancy melasma at home, using safe creams.

Pregnancy melasma treatments

The pregnancy melasma causes have not been determined with certainty, but some studies indicate that hormonal changes directly affect the increase in the production of pigment cells, which leads to the secretion of a large amount of melanin, and then the skin is exposed to tanning, but doctors explained that environmental factors have a direct effect as well.
Continuous exposure to sunlight and high temperatures affect the appearance of melasma as well, especially for skin that is permanently prone to scars and pigmentation.
Many women may not prefer medical treatments and melasma pregnancy removal cream to protect their fetus from any health complications, however, you can still use natural methods to safely get rid of skin pigmentation.
One of the best methods of treating melasma pregnancy is:

Aloe Vera Gel:

Aloe vera, an effective moisturizer that helps treat all skin problems, extract the gel in the leaves of the aloe vera plant, and use it to massage the skin and leave it for 15 minutes before washing it off with lukewarm water to get rid of dead skin cells and reduce pigmentation.


It naturally exfoliates dead skin and is great for rejuvenating the skin.
Mix a little oatmeal with white honey and apply it to the face skin to get rid of dead skin layers, remove pigmentation, and restore skin youthfulness.

Almond flour:

It contains a huge amount of vitamin E, which helps to enhance the vitality of the skin, mix a little almond flour with milk and honey to get rid of skin pigmentation.


It contains a high percentage of water, which helps moisturize skin infections, treat melasma pregnancy and get rid of dark spots


It contains papain enzyme, an effective exfoliant to get rid of dead skin and rejuvenate the skin, and is ideal for treating pregnancy melasma.

The best cream to treat melasma pregnancy

The options for treating melasma during pregnancy are limited, as most topical creams such as retinoids and hydroquinone have not been tested for their effect in pregnant women.
Therefore, pregnant women should avoid using any creams or medications to treat melasma during pregnancy, and use creams with natural extracts such as vitamin C, glycolic acid, and licorice extract, but if pregnancy costs continue significantly after childbirth, you can consult your doctor to determine the best Cream to treat.
Doctors usually recommend using creams of hydroquinone at a concentration of 2%, along with the use of sunscreen, for best results, follow the following tips:
-Use creams on the effects of melasma and dark spots twice a day.
-Apply sunscreen over the hydroquinone cream every morning.
-Stay out of the sun as hard as possible.
-Creams containing a high concentration of hydroquinone should be used in severe cases of melasma.
Finally, in this article we learned what are the best ways to treat pregnancy melasma naturally, so we do not recommend that you use lightening creams or some medical treatments during pregnancy, because the effects of melasma may disappear automatically after birth.
But if the effects of the melasma do not disappear, you can use hydroquinone creams at a concentration to be under the supervision of the doctor.

4 Complications of natural childbirth for the mother

4 Complications of natural childbirth for the mother
There are some complications that may occur to the mother or the fetus, or both, during and after childbirth, whether the birth is natural or cesarean delivery, what are these complications of natural childbirth and caesarean section, what are their causes, and how do they occur?
Are there complications for normal childbirth, especially when Caesarean section becomes the solution?
All of these questions we answer in this article.
Natural childbirth
4 Complications of natural childbirth for the mother
Yes, the complications of natural childbirth are many, and caesarean section may be a solution to some of them, but natural childbirth remains the best for the health of the mother, and even the child in general.

Risks of natural childbirth 

One of the risks of natural childbirth is that the doctor decides to expedite the birth by artificial divorce for the mother or birth with the help of ventilation.
The doctor may decide to resort to artificial divorce if the pregnancy lasts more than 41 weeks without any indication of childbirth or if the water bag bursts before the onset of the pain of normal labor and divorce, then he is forced to speed up labor for fear of infection of the mother or fetus, and he may decide before week 41 if the woman is A pregnant woman has diabetes or suffers from a chronic or acute illness, such as preeclampsia or a kidney disease that threatens her safety and the health of the fetus.
Complications of natural childbirth, including childbirth with the help of ventilation (a machine similar to the large forceps), in which the doctor uses forceps and surgery to help the child come out due to an intrauterine problem or that you are unable to push, and the problem is that pressure may occur on the head of the fetus that may harm him, so it has become Caesarean decision is better.

Complications of natural childbirth for the mother

Complications of natural childbirth are concentrated in the following:
Affected heart or blood circulation due to the long period of labor, especially if the birth was the first.
The woman is exposed to some kind of infection either in the womb or in the vagina.
The uterus or vaginal canal was injured or torn during childbirth.
The mother’s exposure to bleeding due to the placenta or umbilical cord prolapsing through the cervix and the vaginal canal before the baby

Complication of a natural childbirth

The umbilical cord wraps around your Baby’s neck.
And all of these complications have radical solutions if your doctor is skilled, or he may resort to a caesarean section, which is a successful solution..

The most important damage of botox on the skin

The most important damage of botox on the skin
Perhaps you have heard a lot about Botox and botox injections as a cosmetic and another part of treatment because it has been used especially among women in plastic surgeries, to eliminate the signs of aging and wrinkle of the skin, especially the face, and also to tighten the skin and improve its appearance to appear more youthful, as Botox was used for treatment in some cases.
The most important damage of botox on the skin
The most important damage of botox on the skin

Read this article to learn more about the benefits and damage of botox.

What is Botox?

Botox is an injectable substance derived from a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum, and botox is safe if injected in small amounts, but problems only start when the germs mutate and the number of cells increases.
At a certain stage, the bacteria begin to produce botulinum toxin, which is a responsible killer neurotoxin.
About food poisoning.
However, according to the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology (AOCD), The damage of botox isn’t great when used in treatment.

How botox works

Botox injections consist of very small doses. These doses target the nervous system, disrupting the nerve signals that contract muscles, causing temporary paralysis of the muscles.
For muscle contraction, nerves release a chemical called acetylcholine at the junction, where the nerve endings meet with muscle cells, acetylcholine binds to the receptors of the muscle cells, and this causes the muscle cells to contract.

How long do Botox injections last?

The effects of Botox lasts from three to six months, as muscle movement gradually returns, lines and wrinkles begin to appear and need to be treated again.
Lines and wrinkles often appear less severe over time as the muscles contract.

Benefits of botox injection

The primary use of Botox is to reduce the appearance of facial wrinkles.
Areas of the face where botox is used:
Frown lines are also called glabellar, and there are side effects of botox on the forehead that we will learn about later.
Wrinkles around the eyes.
Horizontal wrinkles in the forehead.
Lines at the corners of the mouth.
The skin on the chin.
In addition to its cosmetic uses, botox is used to treat a variety of medical conditions related to muscles, according to (AOCD) The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Botox for the following uses:
Around the eyes.
A nerve movement disorder called cervical dystonia.
Overactive bladder.

Damage of botox

People generally receive botox injections normally.
Botox damage is not common, but there are unwanted botox poisoning symptoms:
Pain, swelling, or bruising around the injection site.
Flu-like symptoms.
a headache.
Stomach upset.
Ptosis temporary eyelid.
Feeling of malaise, or feeling generally unwell.
Temporary unwanted weakness or paralysis of nearby muscles.
If you start experiencing symptoms similar to food poisoning, such as difficulty speaking, difficulty swallowing, difficulty breathing, vision problems, consult a doctor immediately.

Are botox injections safe?

Some researchers believe that cosmetic uses may carry fewer risks than therapeutic botox injections because the doses are usually much smaller, however, the overall risk is very small, and botox is considered safe in general, but you should go to a dermatologist or plastic surgeon for the injection of botox.

Who shouldn’t use botox?

Botox may be dangerous for pregnant, neurological, and breastfeeding women, and since Botox does not work with all wrinkles, you should consult your doctor first.
In the end, my dear, you learned today what is the damage of botox and what are its benefits, pay close attention if you want to inject botox, choose your doctor carefully to ensure your safety, and completely avoid botox in case of pregnancy and breastfeeding for your safety and the safety of your fetus.

Causes of cracked nipples and how to treat them?

Causes of cracked nipples and how to treat them?
Cracked nipples are a common issue among breastfeeding women, and knowing the causes of cracked nipples will help you choose the appropriate treatment to relieve their pain.
You may ask some questions about the causes of cracked nipples
Are cracked nipples normal?
Why do I have a cracked nipple?
Causes of cracked nipples and how to treat them?
Causes of cracked nipples and how to treat them?

Causes of cracked nipples

Cracked nipples can be caused by the incorrect posture of the child during feeding, improper tightening of the child on the breast, soap residue on the breasts if not washed well, as well as thrush
Nipples have what are called “Montgomery’s” tubercles.
These glands produce antibacterial oils that keep the nipple clean. Soap can dry these oils, causing dry and cracked nipples.
It is best to avoid using soap and only use warm water to cleanse the nipples.
Thrush can be a common occurrence among breastfeeding mothers and their children, and it is one of the causes of cracked nipples, symptoms of thrush include pain in the nipples, and sometimes cracking, as well as redness and itching in the breast.
In the child’s mouth, and such spots can also be found in the child’s buttocks or groin area, thrush is usually a result of the mother taking antibiotics during the breastfeeding period, or taking oral contraceptives, but there may be other reasons as well if If you suspect that you have thrush, you can continue breastfeeding, but make an appointment with the doctor to get a proper diagnosis.
If you are diagnosed with thrush, the doctor will prescribe medicine for the mother and the child that will cure you of thrush and cracked nipples.
Sometimes pregnant women prepare their nipples for breastfeeding during pregnancy, through several methods such as rubbing the nipples lightly with a towel, or pulling the nipples, this causes more harm than good for nipples, and this is usually one of the causes of cracked nipples.
If you are pregnant, stop these malpractices.
If your nipples become cracked due to these practices, you can treat them with your milk.
Gently apply a small amount of it to your breasts, and rub it gently on the nipples several times a day to soothe the affected areas.
There are many positions that you can use to breastfeed your baby, but some positions may suit you well, and others may not suit you or your child, you can learn more about this topic through The New mother’s Guide to Breastfeeding
Whatever position you are trying to use for your baby, make sure you are doing it correctly. When the baby is not positioned correctly, he will try to suck in a harder way, so that the milk is pushed out better for him.
The friction from harsh feeding on the nipple can cause cracked nipples.

home remedies for cracked nipples

You can work from the beginning to avoid breast cracking, even before childbirth and start breastfeeding, but if it occurs and cracks and is late in taking care of it, you should treat it as follows:
-You can use coconut oil for cracked nipples, as coconut oil eliminates the dryness of the nipples, gently apply coconut oil to the nipples to restore moisture without harming your baby.
-Always clean and dry them after each feeding, using a sterile medical cloth.
-Do not wash it with soap, or it will dry out.
-Use moisturizing breast creams according to your budget, and you can use olive oil.
-Drink lots of fluids.
-Continue breastfeeding as much as possible.
-Take a mild analgesic such as paracetamol, and you can grind it and dissolve it in water and rub the nipple with it to soothe it, making sure to clean and wash it well before feeding.
-Use warm, then cold compresses to moisturize them.

Medela: important differences between using a breast milk pump (electric and manual)

Medela: important differences between using a breast milk pump (electric and manual)

Medela breast milk pump was one of the most important products that I added to my shopping list during my pregnancy because I knew the need to use a breast milk pump to increase the production of breast milk and to ensure that my baby was fed natural milk at any time easily without the need for formula milk, and after much research, I decided to buy an electric breast pump, to Save Time and effort that may be wasted on hand pumping.

Medela breast pump
Important differences between using a breast milk pump (electric and manual)
After giving birth to a week, my friend gave me a manual breast milk pump, and she didn’t know that I had bought an electric breast milk pump, at first I started using the electric pump after I thought it was the easiest, and I put the hand pump aside until I resorted to using it during my travels because of its lightweight and ease of use without the need for an electric current, then I discovered different advantages for both the manual and the electric types, so I decided to write a quick comparison between them for each mother New so that you can choose the most suitable one without any further trouble in searching.

Comparison of electric and manual breast milk pump

Specifications Manual breast pump Electric breast pump
Ease of use Easy Easy
Pumping speed variable fixed
Pumping power variable variable
Sound No sound Loud voice
Pump control Pumping speed and power can be controlled Only pumping power can be controlled
Cleaning Easy to clean Easy to clean
Disassembly and installation Easy to disassemble and install Easy to disassemble and install

Features of manual breast milk pump and electric breast milk pump medela

Using a breast milk pump (manual) :

It has a lightweight and is easy to disassemble, assemble, and clean.
The pumping speed and strength of milk can be controlled manually.
It does not make it too loud, so you can use it at night without disturbing your little one.
You do not need an electrical source to operate it, so you can easily use it anytime and anywhere.

Using a breast milk pump (electric) :

It consists of simple and easy to use parts.
It can be charged to run on batteries when there is no electrical current nearby.
It’s easy to use and so convenient, it expresses milk automatically once it’s applied to your breast and turned on.

Things I didn’t like when using a breast milk pump

Medela manual breast milk pump:

-Causes pain in the hand due to hand pumping.
-Very expensive compared to other hand pumps.

Medela electric breast milk pump:

-Beeps a little loudly when turned on.
-Expensive compared to hand pumps of even the same brand.

Important advice on using a breast milk pump

It is worth noting that there are different sizes of the pumping bowl that is attached to the breast to pump milk, so make sure to choose the appropriate size for the breast and nipples, to ensure the easy withdrawal of milk and to avoid the feeling of pain and cracking of the nipples while pumping milk.
After using the manual and electric medela breast milk pump, I started using the manual pump most of the time, to control the force and speed of pumping the milk, it takes less time to pump the same amount of milk compared to the electric breast milk pump, whose speed cannot be controlled, while I use the electric breast pump When I’m not in a hurry, I sit down while watching TV and let it draw in just the right amount of milk without the extra effort of manual twice.

10 things you didn’t know about using a breast milk pump medela

10 things you didn’t know about using a breast milk pump medela
Once the countdown to the end of your birth leave begins, the stage of worrying about feeding your little one begins, and you begin with questions:
“Where will I leave my baby? How will I be able to breastfeed during the work period?”
10 things you didn't know about using a breast milk pump medela
10 things you didn’t know about using a breast milk pump

Using a breast milk pump is the best solution that prevents you from resorting to formula milk to feed your baby with your natural milk during your absence, so “4mumy” offers you 10 things that no one will tell you about medela breast milk pump.

Things to know when using a breast milk pump

Before start using a breast milk pump, there are some essential things you need to keep in mind:
-When choosing a breast milk pump, be careful that it consists of two types, a manual type and an electric one, and since electric is relatively high in price compared to manual and easy to control, most mothers prefer manual.
-Start using a breast milk pump at the beginning of the sixth week after birth, so that your baby gets used to feeding on your breast during this period, and does not refuse to breastfeed by simply using the breastfeeding bottle of the milk pump.
-Use a breast milk pump to strengthen the relationship between your baby and your husband, as your husband can use the bottle to breastfeed the baby and strengthen the emotional bonds between them.
-Know that the manual breast pump is easy to carry and own, and it is ideal for travel situations, unlike the electric pump that cannot be carried in a handbag due to a large number of tools and the inability to operate without an electrical source.
-Choose a breast milk pump with soft arms, so as not to hurt your breasts or make you feel pain, and be sure to choose the right size for your breasts.
-To facilitate the process of pumping milk from the breast, sit in a comfortable and quiet place to relax and breathe well. Relaxation helps milk production well.
-Make sure to drink plenty of water and refreshing juices, in addition to eating healthy, light meals during the period of breast milk pumping.
-When starting to pump, make sure that your nipple is completely in the middle, and secure the nozzle of the pump on your breast tightly, so that no air enters the pump and reduces the quality of pumping the milk, and if you feel pain during the pumping process, consult your doctor.
-Use one breast during the pumping process, not the two breasts together.
-Using two breasts together increases the production of the milk hormone (prolactin), which causes some harm to the mother, and doubles the milk production in larger quantities than your baby needs.
-Massage your breasts well before pumping, to stimulate the milk ducts to generate milk, and do not forget to use moisturizing nipple cream after you are done.

How to use a breast milk pump

There are many different types of medela breast milk pumps, and whatever type of breast milk pump you will buy, there are some basic common steps that you must follow when using them, here is the correct way to use a breast milk pump.

The difference between a manual and an electric breast pump

If you are confused about the type of medela breast milk pump that suits you, “4mumy” offers you a comparison between manual and electronic breast milk pump and how to use manual breast milk pump , to learn the advantages and disadvantages of each to choose the most suitable for you.
Read more: Comparison between a Medela manual and electronic breast pump 
Using a breast milk pump may help you solve some breastfeeding problems, and if you encounter any problem during breastfeeding that you are unable to solve, consult your pediatrician or breastfeeding specialist for help.

10 causes of bone pain you should be avoided

10 causes of bone pain you should be avoided

Pregnant women suffer from many symptoms and troublesome pain and the hormonal changes that accompany them, which is one of the natural things during pregnancy, and one of the most common pains in that period is bone pain in the pregnant woman, joints, and muscles, especially The last months of pregnancy what are the causes of bone pain.

Bone pain
10 causes of bone pain you should be avoided
Hormonal changes, increased body weight, and natural physical changes are among the most important causes of bone pain, but sometimes you may make some mistakes that may increase excruciating bone pain without your intention.
Learn with 4mumy the causes of bone pain and how to treat them in this article.

Causes of bone pain in pregnant women

There are some mistakes that you fall into and increase bone pain, know them to avoid falling into them:
-Neglecting the calcium rich foods needed for your health and the health of your fetus increases the suppleness of the bones, thus increasing bone and joint pain, so you must eat more foods rich in calcium and milk derivatives, to raise the proportion of calcium absorption, and to take care of the calcium doses determined by your doctor to reduce the causes Bone pain.
-Excessive eating unhealthy food, thinking that you eat for you and your fetus, but in fact, you expose yourself to a significant increase in weight and the natural increase that you gain from pregnancy, which increases your injury to bone pain, especially in the spine, knees, and ankles, and strains your pelvic muscles.
-Lying down on the left side only when sleeping, this position is one of the causes of bone pain and increases joint injury and soreness, so you must change the position of sleep between the left and right sides and not sleep on one side only.
-Extreme stress, standing or sitting for long periods, and not getting enough rest, all this leads to increased bone and back pain, knees, and ankles.
-Neglecting to drink large quantities of water, that is, at least 12 cups, lack of water in the body causes bone pain and it increases your arthritis and bone during pregnancy.
-High heel wear, one of the biggest causes of bone pain,  that it damages the condition of the spine, increases lower back pain, bone pain, and arthritis of the knees during pregnancy.
-Driving long distances causes an increase in tension in the back, neck, and shoulder muscles, which increases bone pain during pregnancy.
-Carrying bags or heavy objects during pregnancy, as this leads to increased bone pain, lower back pain, ankles, and knee joints.
-Neglecting vitamin “D” intake and deficiency in your body during pregnancy increases the feeling of bone pain throughout the entire body and chronic pain in the muscles and joints.

Foods that prevent bone pain and fragility after pregnancy

The problem of osteoporosis and bone pain is one of the most important problems that you may face after pregnancy and childbirth. Your fetus throughout pregnancy derives from you its needs of calcium and other elements. To avoid exposure to osteoporosis, know 7 foods that prevent osteoporosis after pregnancy, add it to your daily food.
Finally, know that maternity is not an easy thing, but be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions and follow a healthy diet, and avoid errors that are the causes of bone pain in pregnant women, until you pass this stage safely.

10 natural recipes to increase hormone progesterone (Pregnancy hormone)

10 natural recipes to increase hormone progesterone (Pregnancy hormone)

The hormone progesterone is a hormone that is produced naturally by the body and have a great role in the fertility process.

10 natural recipes to increase hormone progesterone (Pregnancy hormone)
10 natural recipes to increase hormone progesterone (Pregnancy hormone)

Its benefits to the body and its deficiency cause many problems for women.

In this article, will you learn more about hormone progesterone?

In addition to natural recipes to increase hormone progesterone if you decrease it.

What is the hormone progesterone hormone?

The hormone progesterone (Pregnancy hormone) is produced by the body of men and women, but it have a great role for women, and despite its association with menopause, pregnancy and the general health of women, it has a more important role if a woman wants to become pregnant and wants to increase her chances of conceiving, and a decrease in the hormone progesterone in the body leads to many problems, including:
-Infertility or miscarriage.
-Uterine bleeding.
-Irregular periods of the menstrual cycle.
-Decreased sexual desire.
Here, the doctor provides various forms of drugs to increase hormone progesterone in the body, but unfortunately chemicals, some of which may increase the risk of other diseases, such as:
breast cancer, so it is always better before resorting to the doctor’s medicines, you should try natural solutions to increase the levels of the hormone progesterone in the body.

Natural recipes to increase hormone progesterone

If you are looking for natural ways to increase the hormone progesterone in the body, you can use the natural pills and creams in pharmacies, after consulting a doctor.
Creams are used to apply to the thighs, arms, and abdomen twice a day.
As for pills, you take them according to the dose prescribed by your doctor.
Some creams and pills are made from completely natural ingredients, which are the types that we are talking about.
And you can increase hormone progesterone by eating certain foods and focus on them in your diet.
Here are some foods that help increase the hormone progesterone:
-The banana.

Other ways to increase the secretion of hormone progesterone

In addition to using natural hormone progesterone treatments, there are other ways you can increase the secretion of hormone progesterone in your body, including:

Maintaining weight:

Excess weight in a woman’s body helps more to produce estrogen, which causes an imbalance between it and the production of hormone progesterone, which leads to symptoms of a lack of hormone progesterone.

Reducing stress and anxiety:

stress, stress and anxiety, and other psychological problems, help to increase the production of stress hormones and reduce the secretion of the hormone progesterone.
Try to reduce stress as much as possible by exercising, yoga and reading.

Lack of excessive exercise:

abstaining from exercise is a big problem, excessive exercise is also a problem, balance is required, and more important than exercise in abundance, attend it moderately.

Sleeping regularly:

Not getting enough sleep raises stress hormone levels (cortisol) and causes hormonal imbalances, which affects the secretion of hormone progesterone, so give your sleep a little priority, because it has an effect on all of your vital body functions.

Herbs to increase hormone progesterone

Herbalists also have a great role an important role in increasing the rate of hormone progesterone production in the body, including:

Red Raspberry Leaves:

Proven to regulate hormone progesterone, to support hormone balance.


The body’s ability to secrete a hormone increases over time.

Mulberry Tree:

Stimulates the secretion of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) from the brain, which in turn stimulates ovaries to produce hormone progesterone.

The importance of hormone progesterone for women

Maintaining a balanced hormone progesterone production in your body has many benefits, including:
-Protect the endometrium.
-Prevention of uterine cancer.
-Maintaining good cholesterol levels in the body.
-Reducing the symptoms associated with menopause.
-Reducing the side effects of any other
-hormone medications.
Now that you have a variety of natural ways and recipes to increase hormone progesterone in your body, before choosing which method, you must do hormone analysis and consult a doctor about any method you follow to increase the secretion of the hormone progesterone in your body